Amar H. Flood

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Molecular shuttles are an intriguing class of rotaxanes which constitute prototypes of mechanical molecular machines and motors. By using stopped-flow spectroscopic techniques in acetonitrile solution, we investigated the kinetics of the shuttling process of a dibenzo[24]crown-8 ether (DB24C8) macrocycle between two recognition sites or "stations"--a(More)
Light excitation powers the reversible shuttling movement of the ring component of a rotaxane between two stations located at a 1.3-nm distance on its dumbbell-shaped component. The photoinduced shuttling movement, which occurs in solution, is based on a "four-stroke" synchronized sequence of electronic and nuclear processes. At room temperature the(More)
The supramolecular chemistry of anions provides a means to sense and manipulate anions in their many chemical and biological roles. For this purpose, Click chemistry facilitated the synthetic creation of new receptors and thus, an opportunity to aid in the recent re-examination of CH...anion hydrogen bonding. This tutorial review will focus on the(More)
In everyday life, a macroscopic valve is a device with a movable control element that regulates the flow of gases or liquids by blocking and opening passageways. Construction of such a device on the nanoscale level requires (i) suitably proportioned movable control elements, (ii) a method for operating them on demand, and (iii) appropriately sized(More)
Supramolecular complexity finds its ultimate expression in the structures and functions of natural systems. Chemists are emulating these properties individually in the form of selfassembling complexes (e.g., squares, polyhedra) and molecular switches (e.g., catenanes and rotaxanes), respectively. Combinations of the two, that is, stimuliresponsive(More)
Two switchable, palindromically constituted bistable [3]rotaxanes have been designed and synthesized with a pair of mechanically mobile rings encircling a single dumbbell. These designs are reminiscent of a "molecular muscle" for the purposes of amplifying and harnessing molecular mechanical motions. The location of the two cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene)(More)
A microcantilever, coated with a monolayer of redox-controllable, bistable [3]rotaxane molecules (artificial molecular muscles), undergoes reversible deflections when subjected to alternating oxidizing and reducing electrochemical potentials. The microcantilever devices were prepared by precoating one surface with a gold film and allowing the palindromic(More)
We report on the kinetics and ground-state thermodynamics associated with electrochemically driven molecular mechanical switching of three bistable [2]rotaxanes in acetonitrile solution, polymer electrolyte gels, and molecular-switch tunnel junctions (MSTJs). For all rotaxanes a pi-electron-deficient cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) (CBPQT4+) ring component(More)
Due to the continued scaling of CMOS chips, it is expected that the feature size of devices will reach the atomic and molecular scales in the next decades. However, there is concern that this scaling effort may come to an end. Nanoscale CMOS and other novel nano-devices promise improved performance for information processing. But there are many issues and(More)