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In chickens, hyperosmolality stimulates the secretion of vasotocin (AVT) and up-regulates hypothalamic AVT gene expression. Hemorrhage, on the other hand, has not been considered an effective stimulus for AVT release in this species. The effects of acute osmotic stress and prolonged hemorrhagic hypotension on AVT gene expression and secretion were studied(More)
Following a lead obtained from stem-bark extract of Butea monosperma, two structurally related methoxyisoflavones; cajanin and isoformononetin were studied for their effects in osteoblasts. Cajanin had strong mitogenic as well as differentiation-promoting effects on osteoblasts that involved subsequent activation of MEK-Erk and Akt pathways. On the other(More)
The present report confirms the anti-hyperglycaemic and anti-dyslipidemic properties of 4-hydroxyisoleucine, an unusual amino acid isolated from Trigonella foenum-graecum seeds, for the first time in a well-characterised model of type II diabetes, i.e. db/db mice. 4-Hydroxyisoleucine, when given orally to these mice at 50 mg kg(-1) dose level, significantly(More)
Dietary soy isoflavones including genistein and daidzein have been shown to have favorable effects during estrogen deficiency in experimental animals and humans. We have evaluated osteogenic effect of cladrin and formononetin, two structurally related methoxydaidzeins found in soy food and other natural sources. Cladrin, at as low as 10 nM, maximally(More)
A series of 2-aryl-naphtho[1,2-d]oxazole derivatives have been synthesized and evaluated for PTP-1B inhibitory activity. The compounds have been screened in vivo for antidiabetic activity under sucrose loaded model (SLM), sucrose-challenged streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat model (STZ-S) and db/db mice model. Compounds 8 and 12 have shown promising PTP-1B(More)
The triterpenoid, lupeol (1) has been isolated from the leaves extract of Aegle marmelos. Few novel derivatives (2-13) were synthesized from the naturally occurring lupeol (1) and screened for their antihyperglycemic activity (2-11) and antidyslipidemic activity (2-4 and 12-13). The derivative 4 lowered the blood glucose levels by 18.2% and 25.0% at 5h and(More)
A series of pyranocoumarin derivatives were synthesized and evaluated in vivo for their anti-hyperglycemic as well as anti-dyslipidemic activities. Compounds 7a, 7c, 8a, 8b, 8c, 8e and 8f have shown promising anti-hyperglycemic activities in sucrose loaded model (SLM) as well as sucrose challenged streptozotocin induced diabetic rat model (STZ). Compounds(More)
Hypoglycemic effect of ethanol extracts of Peganum harmala (commonly known as 'Harmal') seeds has been reported on normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. In the present study, the authors determine anti-diabetic and anti-oxidative properties of 4-hydroxypipecolic acid (4-HPA) isolated from seeds of P. harmala in C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice. Twelve week(More)
Increased hepatic glucose output is one of the major causes of fasting hyperglycemia in diabetic patients. In this study, we investigated the mechanism of action of coagulanolide on hepatic glucose, regulating enzymes in type 2 diabetic C57BL/KsJ-db/db (db/db) mice. Coagulanolide is an active component of Withania coagulans fruit. Oral administration of(More)
The article reveals the antihyperglycaemic activity of the alpha-amyrin acetate (alpha-AA) isolated from the aerial roots of the Ficus bengalensis in normal and diabetic rats and model of type-2 diabetes, i.e. db/db mice. The oral administration of alpha-AA significantly improved the diabetic condition in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats and in diabetic(More)