Amar Al-Juburi

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BACKGROUND Gastric electrical stimulation has been proven effective for drug-refractory gastroparesis. Placement of stimulator leads and device usually requires a laparotomy, although laparoscopic placement has also been used. METHODS To compare laparotomy with laparoscopy, we examined 36 patients, 18 undergoing laparoscopy and 18 undergoing laparotomy,(More)
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