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INTRODUCTION The decline of malaria and scale-up of rapid diagnostic tests calls for a revision of IMCI. A new algorithm (ALMANACH) running on mobile technology was developed based on the latest evidence. The objective was to ensure that ALMANACH was safe, while keeping a low rate of antibiotic prescription. METHODS Consecutive children aged 2-59 months(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) strategy has been less than anticipated because of poor uptake. Electronic algorithms have the potential to improve quality of health care in children. However, feasibility studies about the use of electronic protocols on mobile devices over time are limited. This study(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the available knowledge on epidemiology and diagnoses of acute infections in children aged 2 to 59 months in primary care setting and develop an electronic algorithm for the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness to reach optimal clinical outcome and rational use of medicines. METHODS A structured literature review in Medline,(More)
Implementing user-centered design (UCD) principles and conducting usability testing is especially critical in projects where developers do not originate from the deployed environment. However, traditional usability testing techniques in cross-cultural settings can be problematic and may produce unexpected results. Measures should be taken to identify and(More)
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