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Mazindol, an appetite suppressant, inhibits the reuptake of dopamine in the synaptic cleft. It has been considered that mazindol might enhance dopamine transmission in the human brain. However, there has been no study that investigated the extracellular dopamine concentration in vivo. Using positron emission tomography (PET), we aimed to measure the effect(More)
Inflammatory/immunological process and glial contribution are suggested in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. We investigated peripheral benzodiazepine receptors in brains of patients with chronic schizophrenia, which were reported to be located on mitochondria of glial cells, using [11C]DAA1106 with positron emission tomography. Fourteen patients and 14(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM In Alzheimer's disease (AD), regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in the posterior cingulate gyrus and precuneus has been reported to decrease even at a very early stage. We performed a multicentre SPECT study to evaluate the discrimination ability of an easy Z-score imaging system (eZIS) by detecting an rCBF decrease in this area with a(More)
OBJECTIVE Dopamine transporter (DAT) density is considered as a marker of pre-synaptic function. Numerous neuroimaging studies have consistently demonstrated an age-related decrease in DAT density in normal human brain. However, the precise degree of the regional decline is not yet clear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the normal(More)
Blonanserin is a novel antipsychotic with high affinities for dopamine D(2) and 5-HT(2A) receptors, and it was recently approved for the treatment of schizophrenia in Japan and Korea. Although double-blind clinical trials have demonstrated that blonanserin has equal efficacy to risperidone, and with a better profile especially with respect to prolactin(More)
The descriptive term behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) is used to cover a range of noncognitive disturbances including anxiety, depression, irritability, aggression, agitation, eating disorders, and inappropriate social or sexual behaviors. Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are seen in about 90% of patients with(More)
AIM Somatoform pain disorder is characterized by persistent and chronic pain at one or more sites without an associated general medical condition and in which psychological factors are thought to play a role. This study aimed to investigate the pathological features of somatoform pain disorder localized to the oral region by single photon emission computed(More)
OBJECTIVE We compared amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in subjects clinically diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and older healthy controls (OHC) in order to test how these imaging biomarkers represent cognitive decline in AD. METHODS Fifteen OHC, 19 patients with MCI,(More)
The primary brain structures of reward processing are mainly situated in the mid-brain dopamine system. The nucleus accumbens (NAc) receives dopaminergic projections from the ventral tegmental area and works as a key brain region for the positive incentive value of rewards. Because neurokinin-1 (NK₁) receptor, the cognate receptor for substance P (SP), is(More)
Modafinil, a wake-promoting drug used to treat narcolepsy, is a dopamine transporter inhibitor and is said to have very low abuse liability; this, however, is still up for debate. We conducted a dopamine transporter (DAT) occupancy study with modafinil (200 or 300 mg) in ten healthy volunteers using positron emission tomography (PET) with [¹⁸F]FE-PE2I, a(More)