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Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling was analyzed in mammalian cells conditionally defective for receptor-mediated endocytosis. EGF-dependent cell proliferation was enhanced in endocytosis-defective cells. However, early EGF-dependent signaling events were not uniformly up-regulated. A subset of signal transducers required the normal endocytic(More)
Protein trafficking has attracted considerable attention as a potential regulator of neuronal plasticity. Therefore, it is of interest to study the mechanism involved in protein trafficking in experimental paradigms commonly used in this context. Here, we present a method for cell surface protein biotinylation in the acute hippocampal slice, the most(More)
A mathematical model of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis of the human endocrine system is proposed. This new model provides an improvement over previous models by introducing two nonlinear factors with physiological relevance: 1) a limit to gland size; 2) rejection of negative hormone concentrations. The result is that the new model is by far(More)
Both the neurotransmitter dopamine (DA) and a neurotoxic metabolite, 6-hydroxy DA, can be oxidized to generate hydrogen peroxide and other reactive species (ROS). ROS promote oxidative stress and have been implicated in dopaminergic neurodegeneration, e.g., Parkinson's disease (PD). There is also evidence for a relation between catecholamine-mediated(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Misfolded and aggregated transthyretins (agTTR) contribute to neurodegenerative amyloid diseases such as familial amyloid polyneuropathy and senile systemic amyloidosis. The neurotoxicity mechanisms of agTTR, however, are not well understood. In the current study, the possible contribution of reactive nitrogen species (RNS) to such(More)
Neurotoxicity mechanisms of amyloidogenic polypeptides such as transthyretin (TTR) are not well understood. Misfolded and aggregated TTRs (agTTR) lead to age-related diseases such as senile systemic amyloidosis and familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP). Among other clinical manifestations in TTR amyloidic disease, peripheral nerve tissue, including Schwann(More)
From a systems biology perspective, endocytic transport can be considered as cell subsystem whose function has major implications for homeostasis, as well as for basic responses of a cell in terms of survival, proliferation, differentiation, and generation of external signals (intercellular communication). As such, this subsystem has implications for many(More)
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