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Rab22a is a small GTPase that is expressed ubiquitously in mammalian tissues and displays the highest sequence homology to Rab5. In BHK-21 cells, overexpression of the wild-type Rab22a caused formation of abnormally large vacuole-like structures containing the early-endosomal antigen EEA1 but not Rab11, a marker of recycling endosomes or the(More)
OBJECTIVE Dietary flavonoids and their metabolites may have neuroprotective effects against age-associated neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's and related dementias (dementia). There is a lack of population studies, however, on correlations between flavonoid intake and dementia. The main objective of the present study was to analyse such a(More)
Protein trafficking has attracted considerable attention as a potential regulator of neuronal plasticity. Therefore, it is of interest to study the mechanism involved in protein trafficking in experimental paradigms commonly used in this context. Here, we present a method for cell surface protein biotinylation in the acute hippocampal slice, the most(More)
Both the neurotransmitter dopamine (DA) and a neurotoxic metabolite, 6-hydroxy DA, can be oxidized to generate hydrogen peroxide and other reactive species (ROS). ROS promote oxidative stress and have been implicated in dopaminergic neurodegeneration, e.g., Parkinson's disease (PD). There is also evidence for a relation between catecholamine-mediated(More)
Accurate estimates of flavonoid intake are important for public health studies and potential policies related to these phytochemicals. As an alternative to studies involving population samples and individual food consumption surveys, the international FAO Food Balance Sheets (FBS) were used in the current study to estimate flavonoid consumption among the(More)
Apolipoprotein D (apo D), a member of the lipocalin protein family, has been identified and cloned in several mammalian species; its physiological functions, however, remain poorly understood. As with other lipocalins, apo D can bind small hydrophobic ligands. Lipids and hormones, such as cholesterol, arachidonic acid, and progesterone can bind to apo D;(More)
A mathematical model of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis of the human endocrine system is proposed. This new model provides an improvement over previous models by introducing two nonlinear factors with physiological relevance: 1) a limit to gland size; 2) rejection of negative hormone concentrations. The result is that the new model is by far(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Misfolded and aggregated transthyretins (agTTR) contribute to neurodegenerative amyloid diseases such as familial amyloid polyneuropathy and senile systemic amyloidosis. The neurotoxicity mechanisms of agTTR, however, are not well understood. In the current study, the possible contribution of reactive nitrogen species (RNS) to such(More)
Nutrient-gene interactions occur with a variety of nutrients including some minerals, vitamins, polyunsaturated fatty acids and other lipids. Fundamental molecular mechanisms that underlie many of the effects of nutrients on gene expression are presented herein. Two of the mechanisms described influence gene transcription: DNA methylation and transcription(More)
Resveratrol (1) and oxyresveratrol (2) are phytoalexins with antioxidant activities (AAs) and proposed effects against several pathological processes. The main objective of this study was to provide a novel, comparative assessment of their AAs, and to test for potential synergism in their combined activities, or in combination with another phytochemical(More)