Amandine Pradier

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Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are potent immunomodulators that have successfully been used to circumvent various types of inflammations, including steroid-resistant graft-versus-host disease. Although initially believed to be restricted to multipotent MSCs, this immunoregulatory function is shared with differentiated cells from the mesenchymal lineage(More)
NK cells play a major role in protection against tumor recurrence and infection after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). It has been shown that NK cell function after HSCT is impaired, but underlying molecular mechanisms are not well-known. In this report we show that the level of T-bet and Eomesodermin (Eomes), two T-box(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are considered to play a critical role in liver disease. However, the available numbers of intrahepatic lymphocytes (IHL) derived from liver biopsies (LB) for ex vivo analysis of intrahepatic NK cells is very limited; and the isolation method may hamper not only yields and viability, but also phenotype and function of IHL. The aim(More)
Myoblast transplantation represents a promising therapeutic strategy in the treatment of several genetic muscular disorders including Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Nevertheless, such an approach is impaired by the rapid death, limited migration, and rejection of transplanted myoblasts by the host. Low molecular weight dextran sulfate (DXS), a sulfated(More)
Peripheral natural killer (NK) cells upregulate T-bet and downregulate Eomes, the key transcription factors regulating NK cell maturation and function during the last maturation steps toward terminally differentiated effector cells. During this process, NK cells acquire killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) and effector functions, such as cytotoxicity(More)
CD56(bright) NK cells express receptors for IL-2, IL-7, IL-15, and SCF. We found that human peripheral blood CD56(bright) NK cells responded to IL-2, IL-7, IL-15 by phosphorylating STAT-5, ERK, and Akt but did not respond to SCF. However, CD56(bright) NK cells in culture upregulated c-kit transcription three to fourfold, which led to a steady increase in(More)
Patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for hematological malignancies are at high risk of infections. The synergy of transplant conditioning and allogeneic effect of the graft will destroy the patient’s immune system and in particular antiviral immunity may be impeded for a substantial period of time. Moreover, many(More)
Graft-versus-host disease (GvHD)-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS) is a recently reported composite endpoint that allows to simultaneously estimate risk of death, relapse and GvHD after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). In this retrospective study comprising 333 patients transplanted for hematologic malignancies, we compared GRFS(More)
BACKGROUND In pig-to-human xenotransplantation, interactions between human natural killer (NK) cells and porcine endothelial cells (pEC) are characterized by recruitment and cytotoxicity. Protection from xenogeneic NK cytotoxicity can be achieved in vitro by the expression of the non-classical human leukocyte antigen-E (HLA-E) on pEC. Thus, the aim of this(More)
Recent reports give insights into the role of the T-box transcription factors, T-bet and Eomesodermin (Eomes), in NK cell biology. In this mini-review, we recapitulate the initial reports that delineate T-bet and Eomes as master regulators of NK cell development, maturation, and function. We discuss how T-bet and Eomes expression is regulated during NK cell(More)