Amandine Jullienne

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Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is a serine protease with pleiotropic actions in the CNS, such as synaptic plasticity and neuronal death. Some effects of tPA require its interaction with the GluN1 subunit of the NMDA receptor (NMDAR), leading to a potentiation of NMDAR signaling. We have reported previously that the pro-neurotoxic effect of tPA is(More)
Recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) is the fibrinolytic drug of choice to treat stroke patients. However, a growing body of evidence indicates that besides its beneficial thrombolytic role, tPA can also have a deleterious effect on the ischaemic brain. Although ageing influences stroke incidence, complications and outcome, age-dependent(More)
Glutamate excitotoxicity is a consolidated hypothesis in neonatal brain injuries and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) participates in the processes through proteolytic and receptor mediated effects. In brain microvascular endothelial cell (nBMEC) cultures from neonates, t-PA content and release upon glutamate are higher than in adult (aBMECs) cultures.(More)
Since endothelial cells can be targeted by large contrast-carrying particles, molecular imaging of cerebrovascular cell activation is highly promising to evaluate the underlying inflammation of the central nervous system (CNS). In this study, we aimed to demonstrate that molecular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of cerebrovascular cell activation can(More)
BACKGROUND Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) exerts multiple functions in the central nervous system, depending on the partner with which it interacts. In particular, tPA acts as a positive neuromodulator of N-methyl-D-aspartate glutamatergic receptors (NMDAR). At the molecular level, it has been proposed that the pro-neurotoxicity mediated by tPA might(More)
Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) often involve vascular dysfunction that leads to long-term alterations in physiological and cognitive functions of the brain. Indeed, all the cells that form blood vessels and that are involved in maintaining their proper function can be altered by TBI. This Review focuses on the different types of cerebrovascular dysfunction(More)
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