Amanda S. Woodward

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To explore the mechanism by which herpes simplex virus (HSV)-2 infection is related to HIV-1 acquisition, we conducted in situ analysis of the cellular infiltrate from sequential biopsies of HSV-2 lesions from patients on and off antiviral therapy. CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and a mixed population of plasmacytoid and myeloid dendritic cells (DCs), including(More)
Whether there is selection for specific viral Env variants upon HIV-1 transmission is controversial. We examined the V1V2 and V1V4 regions of Env in 10 new and 8 previously described transmission pairs infected with HIV-1 subtype B, including a total of 9 pairs in which the infecting partner had developed substantial viral diversity prior to transmission.(More)
Understanding the mechanisms underlying potential altered susceptibility to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection in highly exposed seronegative (ES) individuals and the later clinical consequences of breakthrough infection can provide insight into strategies to control HIV-1 with an effective vaccine. From our Seattle ES cohort, we(More)
THE correlation of Pleistocene and later geological formations is always difficult, but the relative ages of the sporadic and isolated deposits which contain the remlains and handiwork of fossil man are especially hard to determine. Cave deposits can only be dated by their contained fossils, uniless they are clearly associated with some widespread ineursion(More)
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