Amanda Roberts

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BACKGROUND Epidemiological data on personality disorders, comorbidity and associated use of services are essential for health service policy. AIMS To measure the prevalence and correlates of personality disorder in a representative community sample. METHOD The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IVAxis II disorders was used to measure personality(More)
The central amygdala (CeA) plays a role in the relationship among stress, corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), and alcohol abuse. In whole-cell recordings, both CRF and ethanol enhanced gamma-aminobutyric acid-mediated (GABAergic) neurotransmission in CeA neurons from wild-type and CRF2 receptor knockout mice, but not CRF1 receptor knockout mice. CRF1 (but(More)
BACKGROUND Ethanol self-administering rats exhibit enhanced responding during withdrawal from continuous exposure to ethanol vapor. This study compared self-administration of ethanol during withdrawal from continuous versus intermittent ethanol vapor. METHODS Experiment 1 examined self-administration of ethanol in rats trained to self-administer ethanol(More)
Neuregulin-1 (NRG1) and its ErbB2/B4 receptors are encoded by candidate susceptibility genes for schizophrenia, yet the essential functions of NRG1 signaling in the CNS are still unclear. Using CRE/LOX technology, we have inactivated ErbB2/B4-mediated NRG1 signaling specifically in the CNS. In contrast to expectations, cell layers in the cerebral cortex,(More)
Alcohol withdrawal symptoms, particularly negative emotional states, can persist for months following the removal of alcohol. These protracted withdrawal symptoms have been implicated as an important trigger of relapse to excessive drinking in alcoholics and may represent a long lasting shift in affective tone as a result of chronic alcohol exposure. It was(More)
BACKGROUND Animal models of alcohol dependence suggest that long-term alterations in brain corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) systems, key mediators of the behavioral stress response, may be involved in the development and reinstatement of dependence on drugs of abuse. The objective of the present study was to investigate the role of CRF in the regulation(More)
Alcoholism is a complex behavioral disorder characterized by excessive consumption of ethanol, a narrowing of the behavioral repertoire toward excessive consumption, the development of tolerance and dependence, and impairment in social and occupational functioning. Animal models of the complete syndrome of alcoholism are difficult if not impossible to(More)
BACKGROUND The role of the delta-opioid receptor in ethanol drinking has remained unclear despite the use of traditional pharmacological and correlational approaches. The results of several studies suggest that pharmacological blockade of these receptors results in decreases in ethanol drinking behavior, but an approximately equal number of reports have(More)
Using 5-HT(7) receptor knockout mice it has been shown that the 5-HT(7) receptor is the main mediator of serotonin-induced hypothermia but very little is known about the relevance of 5-HT(7) receptors in behaviour. We here report that lack of 5-HT(7) receptors leads to a specific learning deficit that is not due to general sensory or behavioural deficits.(More)
Models of dependence-induced increases in ethanol self-administration will be critical in increasing our understanding of the processes of addiction and relapse, underlying mechanisms, and potential therapeutics. One system that has received considerable attention recently is the CRF(1) system that may mediate the link between anxiety states and relapse(More)