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MYC regulates a myriad of genes controlling cell proliferation, metabolism, differentiation, and apoptosis. MYC also controls the expression of DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair genes and therefore may be a potential target for anticancer therapy to sensitize cancer cells to DNA damage or prevent genetic instability. In this report, we studied whether(More)
The iconic history of the Myc oncoprotein encompasses 3 decades of intense scientific discovery. There is no question that Myc has been a pioneer, advancing insight into the molecular basis of cancer as well as functioning as a critical control center for several diverse biological processes and regulatory mechanisms. This narrative chronicles the journey(More)
Despite its central role in human cancer, MYC deregulation is insufficient by itself to transform cells. Because inherent mechanisms of neoplastic control prevent precancerous lesions from becoming fully malignant, identifying transforming alleles of MYC that bypass such controls may provide fundamental insights into tumorigenesis. To date, the only(More)
p53(R172H/+) mice inherit a p53 mutation found in Li-Fraumeni syndrome and develop metastatic tumors at much higher frequency than p53(+/-) mice. To explore the mutant p53 metastatic phenotype, we used expression arrays to compare primary osteosarcomas from p53(R172H/+) mice with metastasis to osteosarcomas from p53(+/-) mice lacking metastasis. For this(More)
Statins, routinely used to treat hypercholesterolemia, selectively induce apoptosis in some tumor cells by inhibiting the mevalonate pathway. Recent clinical studies suggest that a subset of breast tumors is particularly susceptible to lipophilic statins, such as fluvastatin. To quickly advance statins as effective anticancer agents for breast cancer(More)
The MYC oncogene is not only deregulated in cancer through abnormally high levels of expression, but also through oncogenic lesions in upstream signalling cascades. Modelling MYC deregulation using signalling mutants is a productive research strategy. For example, the MYC threonine-58 to alanine substitution mutant (T58A) within MYC-homology box 1 is more(More)
The p53 pathway is perturbed in the majority of human cancers. Although this most frequently occurs through the direct mutation or deletion of p53 itself, there are a number of other alterations that can attenuate the pathway and contribute to tumorigenesis. For example, amplification of important negative regulators, MDM2 and MDM4, occurs in a number of(More)
The ability of Myc to promote cellular transformation is well established; however, a better understanding of the mechanisms through which Myc mediates tumorigenesis is essential for the development of therapeutic approaches to target this potent oncoprotein. Structure-function studies in rodent fibroblast cells have provided the basis for much of our(More)
Novel therapeutic agents that selectively induce tumor cell death are urgently needed in the clinical management of cancers. Such agents would constitute effective adjuvant approaches to traditional chemotherapy regimens. Organosulfur compounds (OSCs), such as diallyl disulfide, have demonstrated anti-proliferative effects on cancer cells. We have(More)
The c-MYC transcription factor is a master regulator of many cellular processes and deregulation of this oncogene has been linked to more than 50% of all cancers. This deregulation can take many forms, including altered post-translational regulation. Here, using immunoprecipitation combined with mass spectrometry, we identified a MYC SUMOylation site(More)