Amanda R Graveline

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Here we describe a blood-cleansing device for sepsis therapy inspired by the spleen, which can continuously remove pathogens and toxins from blood without first identifying the infectious agent. Blood flowing from an infected individual is mixed with magnetic nanobeads coated with an engineered human opsonin—mannose-binding lectin (MBL)—that captures a(More)
Although nitric oxide synthase (NOS)3 is implicated as an important modulator of left ventricular (LV) remodeling, its role in the cardiac response to chronic pressure overload is controversial. We examined whether selective restoration of NOS3 to the hearts of NOS3-deficient mice would modulate the LV remodeling response to transverse aortic constriction(More)
BACKGROUND Blood cultures, and molecular diagnostic tests that directly detect pathogen DNA in blood, fail to detect bloodstream infections in most infected patients. Thus, there is a need for a rapid test that can diagnose the presence of infection to triage patients, guide therapy, and decrease the incidence of sepsis. METHODS An Enzyme-Linked(More)
Innate immune system such as Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) represents the first line of defense against infection. In addition to its pivotal role in host immunity, recent studies have suggested that TLR4 may play a broader role in mediating tissue inflammation and cell survival in response to noninfectious injury. We and other investigators have reported(More)
BACKGROUND Flavoprotein reductases are involved in the generation of reactive oxygen species by doxorubicin. The objective of the present study was to determine whether or not one flavoprotein reductase, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (nitric oxide synthase 3 [NOS3]), contributes to the cardiac dysfunction and injury seen after the administration of(More)
RATIONALE Nitric oxide-independent agonists of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) have been developed. OBJECTIVES We tested whether inhalation of novel dry-powder microparticle formulations containing sGC stimulators (BAY 41-2272, BAY 41-8543) or an sGC activator (BAY 58-2667) would produce selective pulmonary vasodilation in lambs with acute pulmonary(More)
Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) preserves systemic arterial oxygenation during lung injury by diverting blood flow away from poorly ventilated lung regions. Ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) is characterized by pulmonary inflammation, lung edema, and impaired HPV leading to systemic hypoxemia. Studying mice congenitally deficient in inducible(More)
Myocardial dysfunction contributes to the high mortality of patients with endotoxemia. Although nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of septic cardiovascular dysfunction, the role of myocardial NO synthase 3 (NOS3) remains incompletely defined. Here we show that mice with cardiomyocyte-specific NOS3 overexpression (NOS3TG) are protected(More)
Phosphodiesterases (PDE) metabolize cyclic nucleotides limiting the effects of vasodilators such as prostacyclin and nitric oxide (NO). In this study, DNA microarray techniques were used to assess the impact of NO on expression of PDE genes in rat pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (rPASMC). Incubation of rPASMC with S-nitroso-l-glutathione (GSNO)(More)
Here we describe development of an extracorporeal hemoadsorption device for sepsis therapy that employs commercially available polysulfone or polyethersulfone hollow fiber filters similar to those used clinically for hemodialysis, covalently coated with a genetically engineered form of the human opsonin Mannose Binding Lectin linked to an Fc domain (FcMBL)(More)