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NT69L, is a novel neurotensin (8-13) analog that participates in the modulation of the dopaminergic pathways implicated in addiction to psychostimulants. NT69L blocks nicotine-induced hyperactivity as well as the initiation and expression of sensitization in rats. Recent evidence suggests that stimulation of mesocorticolimbic dopamine system, with(More)
Due to the putative involvement of dopaminergic circuits in depression, triple reuptake inhibitors are being developed as a new class of antidepressant, which is hypothesized to produce a more rapid onset and better efficacy than current antidepressants selective for serotonin or norepinephrine neurotransmission.(More)
BACKGROUND Neurotensin (NT) is a neuropeptide with antinociceptive effects that are mediated through NT receptors, of which there are three known subtypes (NTS1, NTS2, and NTS3). Morphine is a mu-opioid receptor agonist commonly used for pain treatment but is associated with side effects that can be serious. We hypothesize that selective NT receptor(More)
A series of recent studies has demonstrated that the molecules involved in regulation of neuronal plasticity are also involved in the mode of action of antidepressants and mood stabilizer drugs. Intracellular calcium signaling, energy metabolism, and neuronal plasticity can be influenced by inducing axonal remodeling and increasing levels of certain(More)
Ghrelin stimulates food intake in part by activating hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY) neurons/agouti related peptide (AGRP) neurons. We investigated the role of AGRP/melanocortin signaling in ghrelin-induced food intake by studying melanocortin 3 and 4 receptor knockout (MC3R KO and MC4R KO) mice. We also determined whether reduced ghrelin levels and/or an(More)
Most currently prescribed antidepressants act by selectively increasing the synaptic availability of serotonin or norepinephrine, or through action on both serotonin and norepinephrine. However, most therapies require several weeks of treatment before improvement of symptoms is observed and not all patients respond to antidepressant treatment. One strategy(More)
Neurotensin (NT) is a neuropeptide that, for decades, has been implicated in the biology of schizophrenia. It is closely associated with, and is thought to modulate, dopaminergic and other neurotransmitter systems involved in the pathophysiology of various neuropsychiatric diseases, including schizophrenia. This review outlines the neurochemistry and(More)
NT69L is a neurotensin analog that blocks nicotine-induced locomotor activity and has sustained efficacy in a rat model of nicotine-induced sensitization when administered peripherally. Additionally, NT69L attenuates food-reinforcement in rats. The present study tested the effect of acute administration of NT69L on nicotine self-infusion in Sprague-Dawley(More)
NT69L is a neurotensin analog that can be administered peripherally. It blocks amphetamine- and cocaine-induced hyperactivity in rats. It also blocks nicotine-induced locomotor activity and has shown sustained efficacy in a rat model of nicotine-induced sensitization. The present study tested the effect of NT69L on responding for sucrose reinforcement on a(More)
Agouti-related protein (AGRP) is one of only two naturally known antagonists of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) identified to date. Specifically, AGRP antagonizes the brain melanocortin-3 and -4 receptors involved in energy homeostasis. Alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) is one of the known endogenous agonists for these melanocortin(More)