Amanda L. Mickiewicz

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Behavioral sensitization describes the intensification of motor activity that results from repeated exposure to drugs of misuse, and the underlying neuronal adaptations are hypothesized to model aspects of the brain changes that occur in humans misusing such drugs. The α-amino-3-hydroxyl-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionate (AMPA) receptor is an ionotropic(More)
Repeated exposure to methamphetamine produces a persistent enhancement of the acute motor effects of the drug, commonly referred to as behavioral sensitization. Behavioral sensitization involves monoaminergic projections to several forebrain nuclei. We recently revealed that the ventral pallidum (VP) may also be involved. In this study, we sought to(More)
α-Synuclein is an abundant neuronal protein that has been linked to both normal synaptic function and neurodegenerative disease, in particular, Parkinson's disease (PD). Evidence from both in vitro and in vivo studies indicate that increased wild type or mutant α-synuclein can cause PD, but the molecular mechanisms that underlie α-synuclein-mediated(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by motor dysfunction that occurs secondary to loss of dopaminergic neurons in the nigrostriatal pathway. Current pharmacotherapies focus on the replacement of lost dopamine to alleviate disease symptoms. However, over time this method of therapy loses effectiveness due to the(More)
Common neurobiological substrates contribute to the progressively increased behavioral effects (i.e., sensitization) that occur with repeated intermittent treatments of cocaine and morphine. Consequently, repeated exposure to cocaine can augment responding to morphine (termed cross-sensitization). Drug-induced sensitization in rats may model aspects of the(More)
Repeated, intermittent exposure to drugs of abuse results in response enhancements to subsequent drug treatments, a phenomenon referred to as sensitization. As persistent neuronal sensitization may contribute to the long-lasting consequences of drug abuse, characterizing the neuroanatomical substrates of sensitization is providing insights into addiction.(More)
The role of ionotropic glutamate receptors within the ventral pallidum (VP) in the expression of conditioned place preference (CPP) and motor adaptations to morphine was evaluated. VP-cannulated rats were subjected to 3 days of conditioning in which saline was paired to one distinct chamber in the morning and morphine (8 mg/kg ip or its vehicle) was paired(More)
Largely garnered from studies in laboratory animals, the ventral pallidum (VP) is recognized as an integrator of sensory, emotional, and cognitive information with appropriate motoric responses. These functional complexities are reflected in behaviors associated with pain experiences, reward-motivated function, stress, social interaction and affiliation.(More)
The atypical antidepressant mirtazapine enhances monoaminergic transmission; thus, mirtazapine therapy may counter the hypo-activation of monoamine systems associated with withdrawal from methamphetamine abuse. Human addiction therapy will likely require chronic administration that is given after brain and behavioral maladaptations are established. To(More)
The circuit-related consequences of activating the ventral pallidum (VP) are not well known, and lacking in particular is how these effects are altered in various neuropathological states. To help to address these paucities, this study investigated the brain regions affected by VP activation by quantifying neurons that stain for Fos-like immunoreactivity(More)
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