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Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) strains are responsible for the majority of uncomplicated urinary tract infections, which can present clinically as cystitis or pyelonephritis. UPEC strain CFT073, isolated from the blood of a patient with acute pyelonephritis, was most cytotoxic and most virulent in mice among our strain collection. Based on the genome(More)
Murine models of urinary tract infection (UTI) have provided substantial data identifying uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) virulence factors and assessing their expression in vivo. However, it is unclear how gene expression in these animal models compares to UPEC gene expression during UTI in humans. To address this, we used a UPEC strain CFT073-specific(More)
Type 1 fimbrial phase-locked mutants of uropathogenic Escherichia coli cystitis isolate F11 were used to assess the role of the invertible element during urinary tract infection. Compared to the wild type, the phase-locked off mutant was attenuated, and constitutive production of type 1 fimbriae by the phase-locked on mutant did not provide a competitive(More)
Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) strain CFT073 contains 13 large genomic islands ranging in size from 32 kb to 123 kb. Eleven of these genomic islands were individually deleted from the genome, and nine isogenic mutants were tested for their ability to colonize the CBA/J mouse model of ascending urinary tract infection. Three genomic island mutants(More)
The transcriptional start sites of 27 promoters in Helicobacter pylori strain 4187E have been successfully identified using a non-radioactive primer extension protocol. The technique involves reverse transcribing mRNA with a sequence-specific FAM-labelled primer. The length of the FAM-labelled cDNA primer extension product can be analysed on a standard DNA(More)
Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli can successfully colonize the urinary tract of the immunocompetent host. In part, this is accomplished by dampening the host immune response. Indeed, the sisA and sisB genes (shiA-like inflammation suppressor genes A and B) of uropathogenic E. coli strain CFT073, homologs of the Shigella flexneri SHI-2(More)
The prevalence and function of four chemoreceptors, Tsr, Tar, Trg, and Tap, were determined for a collection of uropathogenic, fecal-commensal, and diarrheagenic Escherichia coli strains. tar and tsr were present or functional in nearly all isolates. However, trg and tap were significantly less prevalent or functional among the uropathogenic E. coli strains(More)
The replacement of the bladder with a neobladder made from ileal tissue is the prescribed treatment in some cases of bladder cancer or trauma. Studies have demonstrated that individuals with an ileal neobladder have recurrent colonization by Escherichia coli and other species that are commonly associated with urinary tract infections; however,(More)
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