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Meristem function in plants requires both the maintenance of stem cells and the specification of founder cells from which lateral organs arise. Lateral organs are patterned along proximodistal, dorsoventral and mediolateral axes. Here we show that the Arabidopsis mutant asymmetric leaves1 (as1) disrupts this process. AS1 encodes a myb domain protein,(More)
The regulation of members of the knotted1-like homeobox (knox) gene family is required for the normal initiation and development of lateral organs. The maize rough sheath2 (rs2) gene, which encodes a Myb-domain protein, is expressed in lateral organ primordia and their initials. Mutations in the rs2 gene permit ectopic expression of knox genes in leaf and(More)
Posttranslational modifications of the histone octamer play important roles in regulating responses to DNA damage. Here, we reveal that Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rtt109p promotes genome stability and resistance to DNA-damaging agents, and that it does this by functionally cooperating with the histone chaperone Asf1p to maintain normal chromatin structure.(More)
Development of resistance to anthelmintic drugs is an increasing problem that decreases the productivity of livestock and threatens the success of treatment in humans. It is essential to understand the mechanisms in the development of resistance so that alternative treatment strategies can be developed. Changes in genes or in gene expression in response to(More)
Thioredoxins are a family of small proteins conserved through evolution, which are essential for the maintenance of cellular homeostasis. The "classic" thioredoxin, identified in most species, is a 12-kDa protein with a Cys-Pro-Gly-Cys (CPGC) active site. However, in nematodes a larger protein, 16 kDa, with a Cys-Pro-Pro-Cys (CPPC) active site was(More)
Aldosterone (Aldo) activates both genomic and nongenomic signaling pathways in the cardiovascular system. Activation of genomic signaling pathways contributes to the adverse cardiac actions of Aldo during reperfusion injury; however, the extent nongenomic signaling pathways contribute has been difficult to identify due to lack of a specific ligand that(More)
Heterogeneity is a hallmark of glioblastoma with intratumoral heterogeneity contributing to variability in responses and resistance to standard treatments. Promoter methylation status of the DNA repair enzyme O(6)-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is the most important clinical biomarker in glioblastoma, predicting for therapeutic response.(More)
Given the large socio-economic burden of cancer, there is an urgent need for in vivo animal cancer models that can provide a rationale for personalised therapeutic regimens that are translatable to the clinic. Recent developments in establishing mouse models that closely resemble human lung cancers involve the application of genetically engineered mouse(More)
The dependency of parasites on the cellular redox systems has led to their investigation as novel drug targets. Defence against oxidative damage is through the thioredoxin and glutathione systems. The classic thioredoxin is identified by the active site Cys-Gly-Pro-Cys (CGPC). Here we describe the identification of a unique thioredoxin in the parasitic(More)