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A number of different approaches have been described to identify proteins from tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) data. The most common approaches rely on the available databases to match experimental MS/MS data. These methods suffer from several drawbacks and cannot be used for the identification of proteins from unknown genomes. In this communication, we(More)
A number of different approaches have been described to identify proteins from tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) data. The most common approaches rely on the available databases to match experimental MS/MS data. These methods suffer from several drawbacks and cannot be used for the identification of proteins from unknown genomes. In this communication, we(More)
Antifreeze proteins similar to two different chitinases accumulate during cold acclimation in winter rye (Secale cereale). To determine whether these cold-responsive chitinases require post-translational modification to bind to ice, cDNAs coding for two different full-length chitinases were isolated from a cDNA library produced from cold-acclimated winter(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is a highly modified protein that is found in many tissues and has been associated with a variety of physiological and pathological processes. Bone OPN is a potent inhibitor of hydroxyapatite crystal formation and stimulates bone resorption by osteoclasts; these activities, as well as others, are dependent upon phosphorylation of the(More)
BACKGROUND Motor proteins from the kinesin-5 subfamily play an essential role in spindle assembly during cell division of most organisms. These motors crosslink and slide microtubules in the spindle. Kinesin-5 motors are phosphorylated at a conserved site by Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (Cdk1) during mitosis. Xenopus laevis kinesin-5 has also been reported to(More)
Casein kinase-2 (CK2) is a pleiotropic and constitutively active serine/threonine protein kinase composed of two catalytic (alpha and/or alpha') and two regulatory beta-subunits, whose regulation is still not well understood. In the present study, we show that the catalytic subunits of human CK2, but not the regulatory beta-subunits, are readily(More)
Structural proteomics projects are generating three-dimensional structures of novel, uncharacterized proteins at an increasing rate. However, structure alone is often insufficient to deduce the specific biochemical function of a protein. Here we determined the function for a protein using a strategy that integrates structural and bioinformatics data with(More)
CKIP-1 is a pleckstrin homology domain-containing protein that interacts with protein kinase CK2. To elucidate the functions of CKIP-1, we generated human osteosarcoma cell lines with tetracycline-regulated expression of Flag-CKIP-1. Flag-CKIP-1 expression resulted in distinct changes in cellular morphology. Therefore, we examined the actin profile by(More)
Molecular determinants underlying the production of siderophores in the human and animal pathogen Staphylococcus aureus and the contribution of siderophore production to the virulence of this bacterium have, until now, remained undefined. Here, we show that S. aureus strains RN6390 and Newman produce siderophore when the cells are starved for iron. We(More)
We report the use of electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry (MS) in conjunction with online rapid mixing to monitor the kinetics of acid-induced ferrihemoglobin denaturation. Under equilibrium conditions, the hemoglobin mass spectrum is dominated by the intact heterotetramer. Dimeric and monomeric species are also observed at lower intensities. In(More)