Amanda K. Warren-Smith

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Throughout equitation history, bitted bridles have been the primary method of controlling the ridden horse. In response to health and behavioral concerns arising from the use of bitted bridles, bit-less bridles offer new methods of steering and control. However, the effectiveness of bitless bridles on horses had not been previously examined scientifically.(More)
Recently, training horses within round-pens has increased in popularity. Practitioners often maintain that the responses they elicit from horses are similar to signals used with senior conspecifics. To audit the responses of horses to conspecifics, 6 mare-young-horse dyads, this study introduced them to each other in a round-pen and videoed them for 8 min.(More)
The welfare of animals used for sport has been recognised since long as part of applied ethology (Ödberg, 1976). However, scientists started to express concern about the particular ways in which horses are treated a long time after the scientific approach to farm animal welfare had developed (Ewbank, 1985; Ödberg, 1987). A probably underestimated welfare(More)
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