Amanda K Debes

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BACKGROUND Early breastfeeding is defined as the initiation of breastfeeding within twenty four hours of birth. While the benefits of breastfeeding have been known for decades, only recently has the role of time to initiation of breastfeeding in neonatal mortality and morbidity been assessed. OBJECTIVE To review the evidence for early breastfeeding(More)
A genomic library of Legionella pneumophila, the causative agent of Legionnaires' disease in humans was constructed in Escherichia coli K12 and the recombinant clones were tested for haemolysis and other phenotypic properties. Seven clones were identified which were able to confer haemolysis of human, sheep, and canine erythrocytes but which were unable to(More)
BACKGROUND Vibrio cholerae is endemic in South Asia and Africa where outbreaks of cholera occur widely and are particularly associated with poverty and poor sanitation. Knowledge of the genetic diversity of toxigenic V. cholerae isolates, particularly in Africa, remains scarce. The constraints in improving this understanding is not only the lack of regular(More)
Biological confirmation of the presence of Vibrio cholerae in clinical and environmental samples is often constrained due to resource- and labor-intensive gold standard methods. To develop low-cost, simple, and sustainable surveillance techniques, we modified previously published specimen sampling and culture techniques and applied the use of enriched(More)
The legiolysin gene (lly) cloned from Legionella pneumophila Philadelphia 1 confers the phenotypes of hemolysis and browning of the culture medium. An internal lly-specific DNA probe was used in Southern hybridizations for the detection of lly-specific DNA in the genomes of legionellae and other gram-negative pathogenic bacteria. Under conditions of high(More)
A representative, two-stage probability sampling design was used to select 40 villages in northern Azerbaijan with populations of <500 people to screen for evidence of prior infection with Francisella tularensis. Informed consent was provided, and samples were obtained from 796 volunteers and tested for the presence of immunoglobulin G antibodies using(More)
In this study, we describe the identification of a novel Drosophila melanogaster (Dm) gene, l(2)dtl, characterized by elevated expression under heat-shock (HS) conditions. It encodes a protein of 83 kDa with no homology to known members of the HSP90 family and other proteins. Gene l(2)dtl is located on the right arm of the second chromosome at locus 59F5,(More)
The Drosophila melanogaster tumor suppressor gene lethal(2)tumorous imaginal discs (tid) was identified as a homolog of all dnaJ-like genes known to date which have been well preserved in evolution. Homozygous D. melanogaster l(2)tid mutants l(2)tid1, l(2)tid2 and l(2)tid3 are characterized by neoplastic transformation of the adult integumental primordia,(More)
In this study, we describe the isolation of the Drosophila virilis (Dvir) 6201-bp genomic fragment homologous to a 7047-bp genomic region of D. melanogaster (Dmel) that harbors the nested genes lethal(2) tumorous imaginal discs (l(2)tid), lethal(2) neighbour of tid (l(2)not) and lethal(2) relative of tid (l(2)rot). The isolated fragment, which maps at the(More)