Amanda K. Andrus

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Meal prepared from Cry1F/Cry1Ac transgenic/genetically modified cottonseed (WIDESTRIKE Insect Protection, hereafter referred to as WIDESTRIKE) was compared to cottonseed meal prepared from four conventionally bred lines of cotton (three commercial non-transgenic line controls (PHY72, PHY78 and 98M-2983), and a near isoline non-transgenic control (PSC355) in(More)
The effect of age or dose regimen on cholinesterase inhibition (ChEI) from chlorpyrifos (CPF) or CPF-oxon (CPFO) was studied in Crl:CD(SD) rats. Rats were exposed to CPF by gavage in corn oil, rat milk (pups), or in the diet (adults) or to CPFO by gavage in corn oil. Blood CPF/CPFO levels were measured. With acute exposure, ChEI NOELs were 2 mg/kg CPF for(More)
The rodent grip strength test was developed decades ago and is a putative measure of muscular strength. This test has been included in the functional observational battery (FOB) to screen for neurobehavioral toxicity, and changes in grip strength have been interpreted as evidence of motor neurotoxicity. Despite its widespread use, questions remain about(More)
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) was assessed for systemic toxicity, reproductive toxicity, developmental neurotoxicity (DNT), developmental immunotoxicity (DIT), and endocrine toxicity. CD rats (27/sex/dose) were exposed to 0, 100, 300, 600 (female), or 800 (male) ppm 2,4-D in diet. Nonlinear toxicokinetic behavior was shown at high doses; the renal(More)
Acute toxicologic and neurotoxic effects were evaluated in Fischer 344 rats exposed to 0, 50, 200, 600, or 2000 ppm 1,2-dichloroethane (ethylene dichloride; EDC) for 4 h or 0, 50, 100 or 150 ppm for 8 h. Neurobehavioral and neuropathologic effects were assessed using a functional observational battery (FOB; baseline, days 1, 8, and 15), and by light(More)
Dietary exposure to pronamide resulted in higher incidences of Leydig cell tumors (LCT) at 1000ppm in a 2-year cancer bioassay, but there were no testes effects at 40 or 200ppm, and no testes effects at 12-months at any concentration. A 90-day mode-of-action (MoA) study was conducted at concentrations of 0, 200, 1000 and 2000ppm. Standard parameters and(More)
In rats, 2-amino-2-methylpropanol (AMP) caused an increase in postimplantation loss in an oral reproductive/developmental toxicity screening assay but not in a dermal developmental toxicity assay. Studies were performed to characterize the mode of action and determine whether the postimplantation loss was a result of direct embryotoxicity or a maternally(More)
Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the auditory startle response (ASR) is a behavioral test that has been used to measure auditory thresholds, to assess sensory-motor integration functions, and its use has been recommended in the United States Environmental Protection Agency Developmental Neurotoxicity Guideline (OPPTS 870.6300). The purpose of the present study(More)
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