Amanda Jane Patel

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Mammalian 2P domain K(+) channels are responsible for background or 'leak' K(+) currents. These channels are regulated by various physical and chemical stimuli, including membrane stretch, temperature, acidosis, lipids and inhalational anaesthetics. Furthermore, channel activity is tightly controlled by membrane receptor stimulation and second messenger(More)
Volatile anesthetics produce safe, reversible unconsciousness, amnesia and analgesia via hyperpolarization of mammalian neurons. In molluscan pacemaker neurons, they activate an inhibitory synaptic K+ current (IKAn), proposed to be important in general anesthesia. Here we show that TASK and TREK-1, two recently cloned mammalian two-P-domain K+ channels(More)
Aplysia S-type K+ channels of sensory neurons play a dominant role in presynaptic facilitation and behavioural sensitization. They are closed by serotonin via cAMP-dependent phosphorylation, whereas they are opened by arachidonic acid, volatile general anaesthetics and mechanical stimulation. We have identified a cloned mammalian two P domain K+ channel(More)
TREK-1 is a member of the novel structural class of K(+) channels with four transmembrane segments and two pore domains in tandem (1,2). TREK-1 is opened by membrane stretch and arachidonic acid. It is also an important target for volatile anesthetics (2,3). Here we show that internal acidification opens TREK-1. Indeed, lowering pH(i) shifts the(More)
Peripheral and central thermoreceptors are involved in sensing ambient and body temperature, respectively. Specialized cold and warm receptors are present in dorsal root ganglion sensory fibres as well as in the anterior/preoptic hypothalamus. The two-pore domain mechano-gated K(+) channel TREK-1 is highly expressed within these areas. Moreover, TREK-1 is(More)
TASK-1 encodes an acid- and anaesthetic-sensitive background K(+) current, which sets the resting membrane potential of both cerebellar granule neurons and somatic motoneurons. We demonstrate that TASK-1, unlike the other two pore (2P) domain K(+) channels, is directly blocked by submicromolar concentrations of the endocannabinoid anandamide, independently(More)
The two pore domain K(+) channels TREK and TRAAK are opened by membrane stretch. The activating mechanical force comes from the bilayer membrane and is independent of the cytoskeleton. Emerging work shows that mechano-gated TREK and TRAAK are opened by various lipids, including long chain polyunsaturated anionic fatty acids and neutral cone-shaped(More)
Riluzole (RP 54274) is a potent neuroprotective agent with anticonvulsant, sedative, and anti-ischemic properties. It is currently used in the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. This article reports that riluzole is an activator of TREK-1 and TRAAK, two important members of a new structural family of mammalian background K(+) channels with four(More)
The 2P domain K(+) channel TREK-1 is widely expres sed in the nervous system. It is opened by a variety of physical and chemical stimuli including membrane stretch, intracellular acidosis and polyunsaturated fatty acids. This activation can be reversed by PKA-mediated phosphorylation. The C-terminal domain of TREK-1 is critical for its polymodal function.(More)
Two-pore (2P)-domain K+ channels have been shown recently to play a critical role in both cell apoptosis and tumorigenesis. The activity of two-pore, (TWIK)-related acid-sensitive-3 (TASK-3) K+ channels, is responsible for K+-dependent apoptosis of cultured cerebellar granule neurons. Neuron death can be prevented by conditions that specifically reduce K+(More)