• Publications
  • Influence
The Effects of the Media on Body Image: A Meta-Analysis
The media have been criticized for depicting the thin woman as ideal. Some argue these images create unrealistic expectations for young women and cause body dissatisfaction and disordered eating.Expand
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Effects of Cognitive Complexity and Emotional Upset on Processing Supportive Messages: Two Tests of a Dual‐Process Theory of Supportive Communication Outcomes
We report tests of hypotheses derived from a theory of supportive communication outcomes that maintains the effects of supportive messages are moderated by factors influencing the motivation andExpand
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Bereaved Adults' Evaluations of Grief Management Messages: Effects of Message Person Centeredness, Recipient Individual Differences, and Contextual Factors
This study identifies grief management strategies that bereaved adults evaluate as more and less helpful, assesses whether the person centeredness of these strategies explains their helpfulness, andExpand
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“Guys Can't Say That to Guys”: Four Experiments Assessing the Normative Motivation Account for Deficiencies in the Emotional Support Provided by Men
Men are less likely than women to provide sensitive emotional support when attempting to comfort others. This paper reports four experiments that tested a normative motivation account for this sexExpand
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Explaining the Impact of Attachment Style on Evaluations of Supportive Messages: A Dual-Process Framework
TLDR
This article reports tests of hypotheses derived from a theory of supportive message outcomes that maintains that the effects of supportive messages are moderated by factors influencing the motivation and ability to process these messages. Expand
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Are Gender Differences in Responses to Supportive Communication a Matter of Ability, Motivation, or Both? Reading Patterns of Situation Effects Through the Lens of a Dual-Process Theory
Women process information about support situations and messages more extensively than men, but little is known about whether these gender differences reflect underlying differences in processingExpand
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Sex and Gender Similarities and Differences in Communication Values in Same-Sex and Cross-Sex Friendships
This study extends research on sex differences and similarities in communication values by examining (a) the influence of sex of friend on ratings of functional communication skills in same-sex andExpand
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Explaining Gender Differences in Responses to Supportive Messages: Two Tests of a Dual-Process Approach
We propose a comprehensive explanation for gender differences in responses to supportive communication grounded in a dual-process theory of communication outcomes. Two studies confirmed consistentExpand
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What Helps–and What Doesn't–When Self-Esteem is Threatened?: Retrospective Reports of Esteem Support
Esteem support is a particular form of social support that is provided with the intent of enhancing how others feel about themselves and their attributes, abilities, and accomplishments. This studyExpand
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Testing a Dual-Process Theory of Supportive Communication Outcomes: How Multiple Factors Influence Outcomes in Support Situations
TLDR
We evaluated several predictions derived from a recently proposed dual-process theory of supportive communication outcomes. Expand
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