Amanda J. Tonks

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Honey is used as a therapy to aid wound healing. Previous data indicate that honey can stimulate cytokine production from human monocytes. The present study further examines this phenomenon in manuka honey. As inflammatory cytokine production in innate immune cells is classically mediated by pattern recognition receptors in response to microorganisms,(More)
Excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is a feature of human malignancy and is often triggered by activation of oncogenes such as activated Ras. ROS act as second messengers and can influence a variety of cellular process including growth factor responses and cell survival. We have examined the contribution of ROS production to the effects of(More)
Though both low-speed centrifugation and the use of fibronectin (Retronectin) fragments increase gene transduction efficiency, they still do not overcome the adverse effects of the presence of virus-containing medium (VCM). In this study, we improved transduction efficiency of primitive human hematopoietic cells by optimizing the conditions for preadsorbing(More)
Molecular and biochemical analyses of membrane phospholipids have revealed that, in addition to their physico-chemical properties, the metabolites of phospholipids play a crucial role in the recognition, signalling and responses of cells to a variety of stimuli. Such responses are mediated in large part by the removal and/or addition of different acyl(More)
Pulmonary surfactant phospholipids have been shown previously to regulate inflammatory functions of human monocytes. This study was undertaken to delineate the mechanisms by which pulmonary surfactant modulates the respiratory burst in a human monocytic cell line, MonoMac-6 (MM6). Preincubation of MM6 cells with the surfactant preparations Survanta,(More)
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) has a major role in inflammatory responses within the lung. This study investigates the effect of pulmonary surfactant on the synthesis of PAF in human monocytic cells. The pulmonary surfactant preparation Curosurf significantly inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated PAF biosynthesis (P<0.01) in a human monocytic cell(More)
Activating mutations of the FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 gene (FLT3) occur in approximately one-third of patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and predict for a poor outcome. Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is a molecular chaperone that is frequently used by cancer cells to stabilise mutant oncoproteins. Mutant FLT3 is chaperoned by Hsp90 in primary AML(More)
Dry cough is a common symptom described in patients with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) and impairs quality of life. The exact mechanisms causing cough in IPF remain unclear, however evidence suggests altered cough neurophysiology and sensitisation plays a role; IPF patients have an enhanced cough reflex sensitivity to inhaled capsaicin. The Transient(More)
The t(8;21) translocation, which encodes the AML1-ETO fusion protein (now known as RUNX1-CBF2T1), is one of the most frequent translocations in acute myeloid leukemia, although its role in leukemogenesis is unclear. Here, we report that exogenous expression of AML1-ETO in human CD34(+) cells severely disrupts normal erythropoiesis, resulting in virtual(More)
Excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is a feature of human malignancy and is often triggered by activation of oncogenes such as activated Ras. ROS act as second messengers and can influence a variety of cellular process including growth factor responses and cell survival. We have examined the contribution of ROS production to the effects of(More)
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