Amanda J. Schech

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Zoledronic acid, a third-generation bisphosphonate, has been shown to reduce cell migration, invasion, and metastasis. However, the effects of zoledronic acid on the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a cellular process essential to the metastatic cascade, remain unclear. Therefore, the effects of zoledronic acid on EMT, using triple-negative breast(More)
Clinically, there are two distinct types of aromatase inhibitor (AI) resistance, namely acquired and innate resistance. Because the underlying mechanisms of these two types of resistance may not be mutually exclusive, strategies to tackle these resistances may not be effective when used interchangeably. Activation of growth factor receptor pathways is the(More)
Although aromatase inhibitors (AIs; for example, letrozole) are highly effective in treating estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer, a significant percentage of patients either do not respond to AIs or become resistant to them. Previous studies suggest that acquired resistance to AIs involves a switch from dependence on ER signaling to dependence on(More)
Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are an effective therapy in treating estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. Nonetheless, a significant percentage of patients either do not respond or become resistant to AIs. Decreased dependence on ER-signaling and increased dependence on growth factor receptor signaling pathways, particularly human epidermal growth factor(More)
Zoledronic acid (ZA), a bisphosphonate originally indicated for use in osteoporosis, has been reported to exert a direct effect on breast cancer cells, although the mechanism of this effect is currently unknown. Data from the ABCSG-12 and ZO-FAST clinical trials suggest that treatment with the combination of ZA and aromatase inhibitors (AI) result in(More)
Mortality following breast cancer diagnosis is mainly due to the development of distant metastasis. To escape from the primary site, tumor cells undergo the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which helps them acquire a more motile and invasive phenotype. In our previous study, we showed that class I selective HDAC inhibitor entinostat reverses the(More)
Oncolytic virotherapy is a promising strategy for reducing tumor burden through selective virus replication in rapidly proliferating cells. However, the lysis of slowly replicating cancer stem cells (CSCs), which maintain neoplastic clonality, is relatively modest and the potential contribution of programmed cell death pathways to oncolytic activity is(More)
Obesity is a risk factor for breast cancer progression. Breast cancer patients who are overweight or obese or have excess abdominal fat have an increased risk of local or distant recurrence and cancer-related death. Hormone depletion therapies can also cause weight gain, exacerbating the risk for these patients. To understand the effect of obesity on(More)
Resistance to aromatase inhibitors (AIs) involves increased HER2. One mechanism by which HER2 may mediate resistance is through expansion of the tumor initiating cell (TIC) population. This study investigates whether combining all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and histone deacetylase inhibitor entinostat (ENT) can inhibit TICs and HER2 in AI-resistant cells(More)
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