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Chronic and recurrent pain not associated with a disease is very common in childhood and adolescence, but studies of pain prevalence have yielded inconsistent findings. This systematic review examined studies of chronic and recurrent pain prevalence to provide updated aggregated prevalence rates. The review also examined correlates of chronic and recurrent(More)
BACKGROUND Home care services maintain people in their own households by providing practical help such as with housework, shopping and personal care. In this study associations between mental disorder and health and social service use, demographics and activity limitation are investigated. METHOD A cross-sectional study with random cluster sampling of(More)
BACKGROUND The reasons why people live in squalor have been the subject of much debate but little systematic research other than reports of case series from secondary health-care services. We did a study in the community using standardised instruments to investigate the relation between squalor and mental and physical disorders. METHODS We did a(More)
One hundred consecutive referrals to a general medical out-patient clinic were evaluated psychiatrically under blind conditions in order to investigate the nature and occurrence of non-organic disease presenting as gastrointestinal illness. Twenty-eight patients had marked psychiatric illness with or without physical illness, and there was an association(More)
We studied the relationship between side effects, clinical outcome and the drug plasma levels in 28 female depressed patients treated with protriptyline. After 3 1/2 weeks treatment, patients with plasma levels within a median range (630 to 900 nmol/l) showed better responses to the drug than patients with plasma levels outside this range. There were no(More)
BACKGROUND The home care population has high levels of depressive disorder which is unrecognized and untreated. In the UK, social services are charged with a full assessment of need but there appears to be little systematic assessment of depressed mood in their assessment and review procedures. The performance of the SelfCARE(D), a 12-item self-administered(More)
Data from a non-participant, 'event-sampling', direct observation study of 32 elderly persons in residential care were simplified and re-analysed, with the aim of developing a short, practical method of observation for use in research and training in residential care. A single, nominated hour's observation seemed to fit the data satisfactorily. This method,(More)