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Ovarian function is dependent on the establishment and continual remodelling of a complex vascular system. This enables the follicle and/or corpus luteum (CL) to receive the required supply of nutrients, oxygen and hormonal support as well as facilitating the release of steroids. Moreover, the inhibition of angiogenesis results in the attenuation of(More)
Conception rates of dairy cows are currently declining at an estimated 1% every year. Approximately, 35% of embryos fail to prevent luteolysis during the first three weeks of gestation. Interactions between the corpus luteum, endometrium and embryo are critical to the successful establishment of pregnancy and inadequacies will result in the mortality of the(More)
A delayed rise in post-ovulatory progesterone is associated with poor embryo development in the cow, although the underlying cause of this aberrant luteal function is poorly understood. The objective of this study was to develop a novel model, in which a delayed progesterone rise could be induced by manipulating the dynamics of the follicular phase.(More)
Luteal inadequacy is a major cause of infertility in a number of species. During the early luteal phase, progesterone production requires the rapid growth of the corpus luteum (CL), which is in turn dependent on angiogenesis. In the present study, we examined the temporal changes in vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), fibroblast growth factor 2(More)
Luteal inadequacy is a major cause of poor embryo development and infertility. Angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels, is an essential process underpinning corpus luteum (CL) development and progesterone production. Thus, understanding the factors that regulate angiogenesis during this critical time is essential for the development of novel(More)
The development of the corpus luteum requires angiogenesis, and involves the complex interplay between factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). However, the relative role of these factors remains to be elucidated. This study used a new physiologically relevant(More)
Amyloid arthritis is an uncommon cause of locomotor disease and may closely resemble RA. Macroglobulinaemia is rarely associated with amyloidosis and there has been only one report of amyloid arthritis in this setting, the patient having had Waldenstrom's macroglobulinaemia. We report the occurrence of amyloid joint disease in the course of an IgM kappa(More)
The timing of the post-ovulatory progesterone rise is critical to the embryonic development and survival. The aim of this study was to determine the underlying causes of delayed post-ovulatory progesterone rises. Two groups of non-lactating dairy cows with early (n = 11) or late (n = 9) post-ovulatory progesterone rises were created by inducing luteolysis(More)
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 2 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) A are thought to be key controllers of luteal angiogenesis; however, their precise roles in the regulation and coordination of this complex process remain unknown. Thus, the temporal and spatial patterns of endothelial network formation were determined by culturing mixed cell(More)