Amanda J. Fosang

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Aggrecan is the major proteoglycan in cartilage, endowing this tissue with the unique capacity to bear load and resist compression. In arthritic cartilage, aggrecan is degraded by one or more 'aggrecanases' from the ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs) family of proteinases. ADAMTS1, 8 and 9 have weak aggrecan-degrading(More)
INTRODUCTION Physiological and pathophysiological cartilage turnover may coexist in articular cartilage. The distinct enzymatic processes leading to irreversible cartilage damage, compared with those needed for continuous self-repair and regeneration, remain to be identified. We investigated the capacity of repair of chondrocytes by analyzing their ability(More)
A workshop held last June by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Director's Office, Nature Publishing Group, and Science focused on the role that journals play in supporting scientific research that is reproducible, robust, and transparent. The " Principles and Guidelines for Reporting Preclinical Research " (
Chondral and osteochondral lesions represent one of the most challenging and frustrating scenarios for the orthopedic surgeon and for the patient. The lack of therapeutic strategies capable to reconstitute the function and structure of hyaline cartilage and to halt the progression toward osteoarthritis has brought clinicians and scientists together, to(More)
The abundant proteoglycan, aggrecan, is resorbed from growth plate cartilage during endochondral bone ossification, yet mice with genetically-ablated aggrecan-degrading activity have no defects in bone formation. To account for this apparent anomaly, we propose that lysosomal hydrolases degrade extracellular, hyaluronan-bound aggrecan aggregates in growth(More)
Murine models of osteoarthritis (OA) and post-traumatic OA have been widely used to study the development and progression of these diseases using genetically engineered mouse strains along with surgical or biochemical interventions. However, due to the small size and thickness of murine cartilage, the relationship between mechanical properties, molecular(More)
The recent discovery of ADAMTS-5 as the major aggrecanase in mouse cartilage came as a surprise. A great deal of research had focused on ADAMTS-4 and much less was known about the regulation, expression and activity of ADAMTS-5. Two years on, it is still not clear whether ADAMTS-4 or ADAMTS-5 is the major aggrecanase in human cartilage. On the one hand(More)
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