Amanda J Fosang

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Aggrecan is the major proteoglycan in cartilage, endowing this tissue with the unique capacity to bear load and resist compression. In arthritic cartilage, aggrecan is degraded by one or more 'aggrecanases' from the ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs) family of proteinases. ADAMTS1, 8 and 9 have weak aggrecan-degrading(More)
Proteoglycans are produced by most eukaryotic cells and are versatile components of pericellular and extracellular matrices. They belong to many different protein families. Their functions vary from the physical effects of the proteoglycan aggrecan, which binds with link protein to hyaluronan to form multimolecular aggregates in cartilage; to the(More)
The assembly and degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules are crucial processes during bone development. In this study, we show that ECM remodeling is a critical rate-limiting step in endochondral bone formation. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 13 (collagenase 3) is poised to play a crucial role in bone formation and remodeling because of its(More)
Degradation of the large cartilage proteoglycan aggrecan in arthritis involves an unidentified enzyme aggrecanase, and at least one of the matrix metalloproteinases. Proteinase-sensitive cleavage sites in the aggrecan interglobular domain (IGD) have been identified for many of the humman MMPs, as well as for aggrecanase and other proteinases. The major MMP(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13; collagenase 3) in osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS OA was surgically induced in the knees of MMP-13-knockout mice and wild-type mice, and mice were compared. Histologic scoring of femoral and tibial cartilage aggrecan loss (0-3 scale), erosion (0-7 scale), and chondrocyte hypertrophy(More)
OBJECTIVE Aggrecan is the major proteoglycan in articular cartilage and is known to be degraded by various proteases, including matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The present study was undertaken to develop immunoassays detecting aggrecan and its fragments generated by MMP and non-MMP-mediated proteolysis. METHODS Two immunoassays were developed: (1) the(More)
An enzyme-linked absorbent assay for the determination of hyaluronan (HA) has been developed. The procedure is sensitive, simple and is based on a microtitre plate format. The assay involves competition between HA absorbed to the plate and HA free in solution for binding to biotinylated cartilage proteoglycan binding region (G1 domain). The range of the(More)
The action of three matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), 72- and 95-kDa gelatinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) and PUMP (MMP-7), and a cysteine proteinase, cathepsin B, were investigated on aggrecan the major proteoglycan of cartilage. All the enzymes cleaved aggrecan although the activity of the 95-kDa gelatinase was very low. Specific cleavage sites were investigated(More)
Aggrecan loss from cartilage in arthritis is mediated by aggrecanases. Aggrecanases cleave aggrecan preferentially in the chondroitin sulfate-2 (CS-2) domain and secondarily at the E(373) downward arrow(374)A bond in the interglobular domain (IGD). However, IGD cleavage may be more deleterious for cartilage biomechanics because it releases the entire(More)
OBJECTIVE Calcitonin has been suggested to have chondroprotective effects. One signaling pathway of calcitonin is via the second messenger cAMP. We undertook this study to investigate whether increased cAMP levels in chondrocytes would be chondroprotective. METHODS Cartilage degradation was induced in bovine articular cartilage explants by 10 ng/ml(More)