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There has been considerable research interest in the effects of exercise upon depression outcomes. Recently, health agencies in the United Kingdom (UK) and beyond have made several guidance statements on this issue. Therefore, this review seeks to provide a synthesis of evidence regarding the effectiveness of exercise in the management of depression(More)
BACKGROUND Exercise programmes that can demonstrate evidence of long-lasting clinical effectiveness are needed for people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to assess the effects of a practically implemented exercise programme on self-directed exercise behaviour and important health outcomes in PwMS to nine months of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of a range of weight management programmes in terms of weight loss. DESIGN Eight arm randomised controlled trial. SETTING Primary care trust in Birmingham, England. PARTICIPANTS 740 obese or overweight men and women with a comorbid disorder identified from general practice records. INTERVENTIONS Weight loss(More)
This study investigated the relationship between adolescents' academic performance and participation in physical activity. 232 boys and girls from Years 8-11 (ages 13-16 years) were randomly selected, and their academic performance was assessed on previous examination scores in English, Mathematics, and Science. Participants were also asked to list all the(More)
BACKGROUND The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence in the UK has recommended that the effectiveness of ongoing exercise referral schemes to promote physical activity should be examined in research trials. Recent empirical evidence in health care and physical activity promotion contexts provides a foundation for testing the feasibility and(More)
BACKGROUND Attentive eating means eating devoid of distraction and increasing awareness and memory for food being consumed. Encouraging individuals to eat more attentively could help reduce calorie intake, as a strong evidence base suggests that memory and awareness of food being consumed substantially influence energy intake. METHODS The development and(More)
BACKGROUND The National Institute of Clinical Excellence in the UK has recommended that the effectiveness of ongoing exercise referral schemes to promote physical activity should be examined in research trials. Recent empirical evidence in health care and physical activity promotion contexts provides a foundation for testing the utility of a Self(More)
Although much research has examined the relationship between exercise and affect, few studies have considered the effects of exercise bouts of different durations and few researchers have questioned the longer term effects that might be associated with acute exercise. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of the standard health recommended(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of participation in low and moderate intensity exercise on subjective exercise experiences in a naturalistic health club setting. Thirty physically active members of a community health and fitness club participated in low and moderate intensity cycle ergometry for 20 minutes. Subjective exercise(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effectiveness of a physical activity intervention for smoking cessation during pregnancy. DESIGN Parallel group, randomised controlled, multicentre trial. SETTING 13 hospitals in England, April 2009 to January 2014. PARTICIPANTS 789 pregnant smokers, aged 16-50 years and at 10-24 weeks' gestation, who smoked at least one(More)