Amanda J. Chase

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Elite suppressors (ES) are untreated human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected individuals who maintain normal CD4(+) T-cell counts and control viremia to levels that are below the limit of detection of current assays. The mechanisms involved in long-term control of viremia have not been fully elucidated. CD4(+) CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs)(More)
UNLABELLED Due to the limited coding capacity of picornavirus genomic RNAs, host RNA binding proteins play essential roles during viral translation and RNA replication. Here we describe experiments suggesting that AUF1, a host RNA binding protein involved in mRNA decay, plays a role in the infectious cycle of picornaviruses such as poliovirus and human(More)
Picornavirus infections lead to symptoms that can have serious health and economic implications. The viruses in this family (Picornaviridae) have a small genomic RNA and must rely on host proteins for efficient viral gene expression and RNA replication. To ensure their effectiveness as pathogens, picornaviruses have evolved to utilize and/or alter host(More)
BACKGROUND The production of type I interferon alpha/beta (IFN-α/β) is crucial to viral clearance during dengue virus (DENV) infection; however, in vitro-infected dendritic cells (DCs) exhibit a decreased capacity to respond to IFN-α/β stimulation, and antigen-presenting cells (APCs) isolated from patients with acute DENV infection exhibit defects in T cell(More)
The UL74 (glycoprotein O [gO])-UL75 (gH)-UL115 (gL) complex of human cytomegalovirus (CMV), known as the gCIII complex, is likely to play an important role in the life cycle of the virus. The gH and gL proteins have been associated with biological activities, such as the induction of virus-neutralizing antibody, cell-virus fusion, and cell-to-cell spread of(More)
CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) suppress the activation and proliferation of effector lymphocytes. In human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection, Tregs play a significant role in controlling the apoptotic loss of uninfected CD4+ T cells resulting from high levels of generalized immune activation. During acute HIV-1 infection, more than 50%(More)
Although combination therapy allows the suppression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) viremia to undetectable levels, eradication has not been achieved because the virus persists in cellular reservoirs, particularly the latent reservoir in resting CD4(+) T lymphocytes. We previously established a simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)/macaque(More)
UNLABELLED Due to their small genome size, picornaviruses must utilize host proteins to mediate cap-independent translation and viral RNA replication. The host RNA-binding protein poly(rC) binding protein 2 (PCBP2) is involved in both processes in poliovirus infected cells. It has been shown that the viral proteinase 3CD cleaves PCBP2 and contributes to(More)
Infection of mammalian cells by picornaviruses results in the nucleocytoplasmic redistribution of certain host cell proteins. These viruses interfere with import-export pathways, allowing for the cytoplasmic accumulation of nuclear proteins that are then available to function in viral processes. We recently described the cytoplasmic relocalization of(More)
Human rhinovirus (HRV) is a major causative agent of the common cold, and thus has several important health implications. As a member of the picornavirus family, HRV has a small genomic RNA that utilizes several host cell proteins for RNA replication. Host proteins poly(rC) binding protein 2 (PCBP2) and polypyrimidine tract binding protein (PTB) are cleaved(More)