Learn More
B y many measures, the progress of women over recent decades has been extraordinary. The gender wage gap has partly closed. Educational attainment has risen and is now surpassing that of men. Women have gained an unprecedented level of control over fertility. Technological change, in the form of new domestic appliances , has freed women from domestic(More)
Antidepressants as a commodity have been remarkably little-studied by economists. This study shows in new data for 27 European countries that 8% of people (and 10% of those middle-aged) take antidepressants each year. The probability of antidepressant use is greatest among those who are middle-aged, female, unemployed, poorly educated, and divorced or(More)
OBJECTIVE Leaders' technical competence - 'expert knowledge' - has been shown in many settings to be associated with better organizational performance. In universities, for example, there is longitudinal evidence that research-focused scholars make the best leaders; results from a hospital study show that doctors instead of professional managers are most(More)
Is affluence a good thing? The book The Challenge of Affluence by Avner Offer (2006) argues that economic prosperity weakens self-control and undermines human well-being. Consistent with a pessimistic view, we show that psychological distress has been rising through time in modern Great Britain. Taking over-eating as an example, our data reveal that half(More)
a referee, and an anonymous judge. We thank Alex Dobson for research assistance. The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) provided support through a research professorship to the first author. The British Household Panel Survey data were made available through the UK Data Archive. The data were originally collected by the ESRC Research Centre on(More)
Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of IZA. Research published in this series may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between science,(More)
There is a large literature on the productivity of universities. Little is known, however, about how different types of leader affect a university's later performance. To address this, I blend quantitative and qualitative evidence. By constructing a new longitudinal dataset, I find that the research quality of a university improves some years after it(More)
This paper uses Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data to study life satisfaction and mental health across the states of the USA. The analysis draws upon a sample of 1.3 million citizens. Initially we control for people " s personal characteristics (though not income). There is no correlation between states " regression-adjusted well-being and(More)
Using a nationally-representative longitudinal data of the British people, this paper explores how different areas of a person " s life evolved before and after unemployment. There is evidence that unemployment is preceded, on average, by a year of dissatisfaction with one " s finance and job for both genders. Once entered unemployment, men and women(More)