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Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of IZA. Research published in this series may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between science,(More)
Is affluence a good thing? The book The Challenge of Affluence by Avner Offer (2006) argues that economic prosperity weakens self-control and undermines human well-being. Consistent with a pessimistic view, we show that psychological distress has been rising through time in modern Great Britain. Taking over-eating as an example, our data reveal that half(More)
a referee, and an anonymous judge. We thank Alex Dobson for research assistance. The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) provided support through a research professorship to the first author. The British Household Panel Survey data were made available through the UK Data Archive. The data were originally collected by the ESRC Research Centre on(More)
Antidepressants as a commodity have been remarkably little-studied by economists. This study shows in new data for 27 European countries that 8% of people (and 10% of those middle-aged) take antidepressants each year. The probability of antidepressant use is greatest among those who are middle-aged, female, unemployed, poorly educated, and divorced or(More)
OBJECTIVE Leaders' technical competence - 'expert knowledge' - has been shown in many settings to be associated with better organizational performance. In universities, for example, there is longitudinal evidence that research-focused scholars make the best leaders; results from a hospital study show that doctors instead of professional managers are most(More)
There is a large literature on the productivity of universities. Little is known, however, about how different types of leader affect a university's later performance. To address this, I blend quantitative and qualitative evidence. By constructing a new longitudinal dataset, I find that the research quality of a university improves some years after it(More)
Although it has long been conjectured that having physicians in leadership positions is valuable for hospital performance, there is no published empirical work on the hypothesis. This cross-sectional study reports the first evidence. Data were collected on the top-100 U.S. hospitals in 2009, as identified by a widely-used media-generated ranking of quality,(More)
  • A H Goodall
  • 1991
This paper describes a rapid, whole blood micro-method for assessing the activation status of platelets that can be used to monitor changes occurring during the preparation and storage of platelet concentrates. Platelets are examined for the expression of markers of early activation (fibrinogen binding) and of degranulation (GP53 and GMP-140 expression),(More)
This paper uses Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data to study life satisfaction and mental health across the states of the USA. The analysis draws upon a sample of 1.3 million citizens. Initially we control for people " s personal characteristics (though not income). There is no correlation between states " regression-adjusted well-being and(More)