Amanda Ewart-Toland

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Linkage analysis and haplotype mapping in interspecific mouse crosses (Mus musculus x Mus spretus) identified the gene encoding Aurora2 (Stk6 in mouse and STK15 in human) as a candidate skin tumor susceptibility gene. The Stk6 allele inherited from the susceptible M. musculus parent was overexpressed in normal cells and preferentially amplified in tumor(More)
Leptin levels are significantly elevated in pregnant mice, rats and humans suggesting a critical role for leptin during gestation. To address whether leptin plays a putative role in the physiology of pregnancy, we asked whether a mouse pregnancy would be affected by the complete absence of leptin from both the mother and fetuses. Thus, leptin-deficient(More)
Kabuki syndrome (KS) is a rare multiple malformation disorder characterized by developmental delay, distinct facial anomalies, congenital heart defects, limb and skeletal anomalies, and short stature. Renal anomalies have been reported in a few cases of KS, but to our knowledge, hepatic anomalies have not. Here, we document two cases of KS requiring liver(More)
Obesity is often associated with an impairment of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. The leptin-deficient ob/ob mouse model is characterized by a morbid obesity with a sterility in males and females that is corrected by continuous leptin treatment. Since ob/ob mice are maintained on the C57BL/6J inbred genetic background, we sought to determine(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) is known to exert both positive and negative effects on different stages of tumor formation. Of the TGFbetaisoforms, TGFbeta1 is highly expressed in prostate cancer and leads to tumor promotion and metastasis. Increased expression of TGFbeta1 is associated with more aggressive tumors and poor prognosis. Several(More)
STK15 is a member of a family of serine/threonine kinases that act as key regulators of chromosome segregation and cytokinesis. Over expression of the STK15 gene leads to centrosome amplification, chromosomal instability, aneuploidy, and transformation. It has been reported that the 91T --> A (Phe --> Ile at codon 31) polymorphism in the STK15 gene affects(More)
STK15 (Aurora-A) is a serine/threonine kinase involved in mitotic chromosomal segregation. A genetic variant in STK15 T+91A (resulting in the amino acid substitution F31I) is associated with increased aneuploidy in colon tumors and cell transformation in vitro. Since this polymorphism plays a role in mitotic control-a process critical for all cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) identified variants at 19p13.1 and ZNF365 (10q21.2) as risk factors for breast cancer among BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers, respectively. We explored associations with ovarian cancer and with breast cancer by tumor histopathology for these variants in mutation carriers from the Consortium of Investigators(More)
A deficiency of leptin synthesis in mice results in a complex phenotype characterized by morbid obesity, diabetes, sterility, and defective thermogenesis. To determine whether the genetic background could alter the pleiotropic effects of leptin deficiency, we backcrossed the ob mutation for 10 generations from the C57BL/6J to the BALB/cJ genetic background.(More)
Maternal diabetes is known to have teratogenic effects. Malformations including neural tube defects, caudal dysgenesis, vertebral defects, congenital heart defects, femoral hypoplasia, and renal anomalies are described in infants of diabetic mothers. However, craniofacial anomalies have rarely been reported in such infants. Here we document craniofacial(More)