Amanda D Watters

Learn More
The development of Herceptin (Trazumatab) makes testing for HER2 status important for choosing optimal therapy in breast cancer. This study addresses the precision, accuracy, and reproducibility of HER2 assays. HER2 was assessed retrospectively by immunohistochemistry (IHC) with Dako 'Herceptest', by IHC with the monoclonal antibody CB11, and by(More)
Accurate diagnostic assessment of HER-2 is essential for the appropriate application of the humanized anti-HER-2 monoclonal antibody trastuzumab (Herceptin) to the treatment of patients with metastatic breast cancer. The diagnostic test needs to be applicable to archival, fixed tissue removed at excision, in many cases several years earlier. We compared the(More)
PURPOSE Chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH) is a new modification of the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique for detection of oncogene amplification in archival tumor samples. In CISH, the oncogene probe is detected using a peroxidase reaction, allowing use of transmitted light microscopy. We compared detection of HER-2/neu(More)
Aberrations of chromosome 17 are common in breast cancer. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) enables gene or chromosome copy number to be assessed in situ in archival tissues and related to morphology and clinical outcome. In this study direct labeled DNA probes for the chromosome 17 alpha satellite and the HER2/neu gene were applied simultaneously(More)
HER2/neu is an oncogene encoding a type 1 tyrosine kinase growth factor receptor. Polysomy 17, gene amplification and HER2/neu protein overexpression are associated with a poor prognosis in transitional cell carcinomas (TCC) of the bladder. Due to the application of different laboratory techniques, the exact incidence of HER/neu abnormalities remains(More)
The mortality from transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the urinary bladder increases significantly with the progression of superficial or locally invasive disease (pTa/pT1) to detrusor muscle-invasive disease (pT2+). The most common prognostic markers in clinical use are tumour stage and grade, which are subject to considerable intra- and interobserver(More)
BACKGROUND Her2 (c-erbB-2/neu) overexpression in breast carcinoma predicts response to the anti-Her2 monoclonal antibody, trastuzumab, and is associated with a poor prognosis. When considering patients for trastuzumab treatment, Her2 protein expression is measured by imunohistochemistry (IHC) and, where staining is equivocal, by fluorescence in situ(More)
Investigation of transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder (TCC) patients classified by recurrence and/or progression has demonstrated that loss of chromosome 9, as detected by FISH analysis of the pericentromeric classical satellite marker at 9q12, occurs early. A total of 105 TCCs from 53 patients were analysed in situ by two independent(More)
Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) provides a unique model of cancer recurrence and progression. Sequential tumours (n=100) from 57 patients with an index pTa or pT1 TCC were studied using fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH), to determine aberrations of chromosomes 1 and 8. Thirty-seven patients experienced recurrences; eleven developed muscle invasive(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency of HER2 genetic abnormalities in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and hence assess the potential suitability of Herceptin immunotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Tumours from 27 patients with RCC were assessed; all patients had undergone nephrectomy. Benign renal tissue from the nephrectomy specimens was studied in seven(More)