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OBJECTIVE Autonomic symptoms may occur frequently in diabetic and other neuropathies. There is a need to develop a simple instrument to measure autonomic symptoms in subjects with neuropathy and to test the validity of the instrument. METHODS The Survey of Autonomic Symptoms (SAS) consists of 11 items in women and 12 in men. Each item is rated by an(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate intraepidermal nerve fiber density (IENFD) as a sensitive measure of neuropathy change in patients with neuropathy associated with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) receiving lifestyle intervention based on that used in the Diabetes Prevention Program. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We performed 3-mm skin(More)
Early neuropathy is often sensory predominant and prominently involves small-diameter nerve fibers. Established neuropathy examination scales such as the Michigan Diabetic Neuropathy Scale (MDNS) and the Neuropathy Impairment Score-Lower Leg (NIS-LL) focus primarily on large-fiber sensory and motor function. Here, we validate the Utah Early Neuropathy Scale(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare odor identification function in patients with peripheral or central autonomic neurodegeneration and in patients with intact autonomic neurons but undetectable norepinephrine. METHODS Olfactory function was evaluated with the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) in 12 patients with pure autonomic failure, 10(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Peripheral neuropathy is a common neurotoxic effect of medications. When medications are used to treat life-threatening illnesses, balancing the toxic effects of peripheral neuropathy with the therapeutic benefits of the drug can be difficult. This article examines recent research into the cellular mechanisms associated with neuropathy(More)
Neurodegeneration of the central and peripheral nervous system associated with hypocupremia and hyperzincinemia has been widely recognized but the origin of high zinc remained unknown. Denture cream has been recently suggested as one possible source of zinc, but the frequency with which denture fixative alone accounts for this syndrome is unknown. We(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been hypothesized to cause a hypersympathetic state, which may be the mechanism for the increased incidence of cardiovascular disease in OSA. However, there is a high prevalence of hyperglycemia in OSA patients, which may also contribute to autonomic dysfunction. Thirty-five patients with OSA and 11 controls with average(More)
INTRODUCTION Autonomic dysfunction has been theorized to be responsible for the increased risk of cardiovascular disease in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Previous studies did not control for the presence of impaired glucose regulation (IGR, comprising impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and diabetes) which is also associated(More)
Several studies recognized an overlap between CFS (chronic fatigue syndrome) and POTS (postural tachycardia syndrome). We compared the autonomic and neurohormonal phenotype of POTS patients with CFS (CFS-POTS) to those without CFS (non-CFS-POTS), to determine whether CFS-POTS represents a unique clinical entity with a distinct pathophysiology. We recruited(More)