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In 17 fetal sheep aged 129 days, the effects of large-dose infusions of cortisol (72.1 mg/day for 2-3 days) on proliferation, binucleation, and hypertrophy of cardiac myocytes, cardiac expression of angiotensinogen, angiotensin receptor subtypes 1 and 2, Glut-1, glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid receptors, proteins of the MAPK pathways and calcineurin(More)
To determine whether damage to the fetal kidneys plays a role in the formation of hydrops fetalis following a severe asphyxial episode, six chronically catheterised fetal sheep, at 0.6 gestation (90 days; term 150 days), were subjected to 30 min of complete umbilical cord occlusion. During the occlusion period, mean arterial pressure, heart rate and renal(More)
To examine the programming effects of maternal renal dysfunction (created by subtotal nephrectomy in ewes prior to mating; STNx), renal and cardiovascular function were studied in 6-month-old male and female offspring of STNx and control pregnancies. After studies were conducted on a low salt diet (LSD) some female offspring underwent salt loading (0.17 M(More)
These experiments examined whether renal growth and the fetal renin-angiotensin system could be stimulated by infusion of amino acids and whether chronic amino acid infusions restored glomerulotubular balance, which had been disrupted during 4-h infusions. Five fetal sheep aged 122 +/- 1 days gestation received an infusion of alanine, glycine, proline and(More)
Intrafetal insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I promotes cardiac hypertrophy in the late-gestation fetal sheep; whether these effects are sustained is unknown. IGF-I was infused for 4 days at 80 microg/h from 121 to 125 days of gestation, and its effects at 128 days, 3 days after the infusion stopped, were determined by comparison with untreated fetal sheep.(More)
Maternal renal disease is associated with high maternal and fetal morbidity. To establish an animal model to study renal dysfunction in pregnancy and its potential role in programming for renal disease and hypertension in adult life, a kidney was removed from each of 16 nonpregnant ewes, and a branch of the renal artery of the remaining kidney was ligated(More)
1. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that the renin response to mechanisms activated by haemorrhage is programmed by exposure to maternal renal dysfunction. 2. In 26-27-day-old lambs born to ewes that had reduced renal function (STNxL, n=10) and lambs born to ewes with normal renal function (ConL, n=6), 1.6 mL/kg per min of blood was(More)
To determine the effects of chronic maternal renal insufficiency on fetal renal function, we studied nine fetuses whose mothers underwent subtotal nephrectomy at least 2 mo before mating (STNxF) and seven fetuses from intact ewes (IntF) (126-128 days of gestation, term 150 days). STNxF had lower hematocrit (P < 0.05), plasma chloride (P < 0.01), and(More)
We have shown that fetuses whose mothers underwent subtotal nephrectomy (STNx) before pregnancy had high urine flow rates and sodium excretions, but lower hematocrits, plasma chloride, and plasma renin levels compared with controls. To see if these functional differences in utero persist after birth and are the result of altered renal development, we(More)
We and others have shown previously that fetuses at midgestation can survive 30 min of complete umbilical cord occlusion, although hydrops fetalis (or gross fetal edema) results. To investigate whether this hydrops resolves by late gestation and if there are any long-term consequences of the asphyxial insult on the heart and kidneys, eight fetuses were(More)