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During the last decade, the problem of the description of hadrons in dense and hot nuclear matter received great attention. The purpose of the current investigations is to determine experimentally mass shifts and the broadening of hadronic resonances at finite density and temperature. The dilepton spectra from heavy-ion collisions are a suitable tool for(More)
A new scheme for testing nuclear matter equations of state (EoSs) at high densities using constraints from neutron star (NS) phenomenology and a flow data analysis of heavy-ion collisions is suggested. An acceptable EoS shall not allow the direct Urca process to occur in NSs with masses below 1.5M , and also shall not contradict flow and kaon production(More)
We study the semileptonic decays of the lowest lying double heavy baryons using the relativistic three-quark model. We do not employ a heavy quark mass expansion but keep the masses of the heavy quarks and baryons finite. We calculate all relevant form factors and decay rates. The semileptonic decays of heavy mesons and baryons are ideally suited to extract(More)
The momentum and isospin dependence of the in-medium nucleon mass are studied. Two definitions of the effective mass, i.e., the Dirac mass m*D and the nonrelativistic mass m*NR which parametrizes the energy spectrum, are compared. Both masses are determined from relativistic Dirac-Brueckner-Hartree-Fock calculations. The nonrelativistic mass shows a(More)
Centrality, rapidity, and transverse momentum dependence of hadron elliptic flow is studied in Au+Au collisions at BNL RHIC energies within the microscopic quark-gluon string model. The QGSM predictions coincide well with the experimental data at √ s = 130A GeV. Further investigations reveal that multi-Pomeron exchanges and hard gluon-gluon scattering in(More)
We show that, within the quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA) and the renormalized QRPA (RQRPA) based on the Bonn-CD nucleon-nucleon interaction, the competition between the pairing and the neutron-proton particle-particle and particle-hole interactions causes contributions to the neutrinoless double-beta decay matrix element to nearly vanish at(More)