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The posterior parietal cortex is included in the dorsal cortical visual pathway underlying the three-dimensional (3-D) visual recognition of space and objects. The neurons in the lateral intraparietal area (LIP) respond visually to the three-dimensional objects, whereas those in the anterior intraparietal area (AIP) respond to hand movements to grasp them.(More)
Vesl-1S (186 amino acids, also called Homer) is a protein containing EVH1- and PDZ-like domains whose expression in the hippocampus is regulated during long term potentiation (LTP), one form of synaptic plasticity thought to underlie memory formation (Kato, A., Ozawa, F., Saitoh, Y., Hirai, K., and Inokuchi, K. (1997) FEBS Lett. 412, 183-189; Brakeman, P.(More)
The fiber-tracking method enables in vivo visualization of the white matter tracts of the brain using a diffusion tensor MR imaging technique. While this method represents a promising tool in the field of neurosurgery, especially when confronted with brain tumors in eloquent areas, its reliability remains unknown. We present here our preliminary validation(More)
We have isolated a novel cDNA, vesl, that was induced during convulsive seizure in the rat hippocampus. The vesl gene encodes a protein of 186 amino acids that has significant homology to the EVH1 domain of the VASP/Ena family of proteins implicated in the control of microfilament dynamics. The expression of vesl mRNA was induced in the granule cell layer(More)
Event-related desynchronization (ERD) within the alpha and beta bands on unilateral index finger extension and hand grasping was investigated on six normal volunteers with magnetoencephalography (MEG). A novel spatial filtering technique for imaging cortical source power, synthetic aperture magnetometry (SAM), was employed for the tomographic demonstration(More)
We have used mRNA differential display to isolate genes that are induced by neural activity in rat hippocampus. One of these encodes activin beta A subunit. Convulsive seizure caused by kainate significantly induced the expression of activin beta A mRNA. Furthermore high frequency stimulation (HFS) of perforant pathway, which produced a persistent long-term(More)
Electrocorticography of the primary motor cortex (M1) is a promising tool for controlling a brain-computer interface (BCI). Electrocorticograms (ECoG) of the human M1 within the central sulcus (intrasulcal ECoG) have been rarely examined. In order to evaluate the usefulness of intrasulcal ECoG for BCI, we examined patients with subdural electrodes placed(More)
Using synthetic aperture magnetometry (SAM), we examined the spatial distribution of frequency changes in magnetoencephalography signal rhythms on individual magnetic resonance images following somatosensory stimulation. SAM is a novel statistical spatial filtering method that uses an adaptive beamformer. Electrical stimulation of the right median nerve(More)
OBJECT This study was performed to determine whether mild hypothermia therapy is essential for the treatment of severely head injured patients in whom intracranial pressure (ICP) can be maintained below 20 mm Hg by using conventional therapies. METHODS Sixteen consecutive severely head injured patients fulfilled the following criteria: the patient's ICP(More)
The Sendai virus V protein is a nonstructural trans-frame protein whose cysteine-rich C-terminal half is fused to the acidic N-terminal half of the P protein via mRNA editing. We recently created a mutant by disrupting the editing motif, which is devoid of mRNA editing and hence unable to produce the V protein, and demonstrated that this V(-) virus(More)