Amalya Hovhannisyan

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Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease in industrialized countries and is increasing in prevalence. The pathomechanisms, however, are poorly understood. This study assessed the unexpected role of the Hedgehog pathway in adult liver lipid metabolism. Using transgenic mice with conditional hepatocyte-specific deletion of(More)
Wnt/beta-catenin signaling has been found to play key roles in metabolic zonation of adult liver, regeneration, and hepatocellular carcinogenesis. In this review, recent progress in this field is summarized, in particular the rapidly growing knowledge about the various interactions of beta-catenin with many transcription factors involved in controlling(More)
Steroidal alkaloids from Veratrum californicum (Durand) are known to exert teratogenic effects (e.g., cyclopia, holoprosencephaly) by blocking the Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway, which plays a considerable role in embryonic development and organogenesis. Most surprisingly, recent studies demonstrate that this complex signaling network is active even in the(More)
Metabolic Zonation, i.e. the heterogeneous distribution of different metabolic pathways in different zones of the lobules, forms the basis of proper function of the liver in metabolic homeostasis and its regulation. According to recent results, Metabolic Zonation is controlled by the Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathway. Here, we hypothesize that hedgehog(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant brain tumor in adults with a median survival of 14.6 mo under the best available treatment. New treatment strategies are therefore urgently required, for which a profound understanding of tumor biology is necessary. Much effort has been devoted to tumor-specific aberrant signaling processes. Recently it(More)
Thirty optically active nonprotein α-amino acids and peptides based thereon have been screened for their ability to interact with bovine trypsin and proteinase K from Tritirachium album Limber, which belong to the group of serine proteases. Both structure-based drug design approach and determination of enzyme activity have been used to identify low(More)
The influence of novel synthetic amino acids and peptides on the growth of bacteria included in test culture collection has been studied. The compounds were revealed to inhibit the growth of all the strains included in collection. Some compounds demonstrated antibacterial activity in relation to antibiotic-resistant E.coli strains, others demonstrated the(More)
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