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OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to assess the risk factors for and persistence of Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) in a highly exposed female population in Kenya. STUDY DESIGN Two hundred fifty-eight sex workers in Nairobi, Kenya, 18 to 35 years of age, were enrolled. Every 2 months, cervical samples were collected for MG, Chlamydia trachomatis (CT),(More)
BACKGROUND Serologic studies indicate that human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) infects 90 percent of children by two years of age. Little is known about the acquisition, virologic course, and clinical manifestations of HHV-6 infection. METHODS We prospectively studied a cohort of 277 children from birth through the first two years of life to define the pattern of(More)
The genetic homogeneity of nine commensal and infecting populations of Candida albicans has been assessed by fingerprinting multiple isolates from each population by Southern blot hybridization first with the Ca3 probe and then with the 0.98-kb C1 fragment of the Ca3 probe. The isolates from each population were highly related, demonstrating the clonal(More)
OBJECTIVES To simultaneously examine associations of bacterial vaginosis (BV) with potential risk factors in both the female and her male partner. STUDY DESIGN We recruited women 18-45 years of age and their male partners from clinics in Nairobi, Kenya. All underwent face-to-face standardized interview physical examination, human immunodeficiency virus(More)
The objective of this study was to examine genital tissue, vaginal fluid, and vaginal microbial flora at 3 phases of the menstrual cycle in asymptomatic women. Vaginal examinations were performed 3 times in 74 women: at the menstrual phase (days 1-5), the preovulatory phase (days 7-12), and the postovulatory phase (days 19-24). Flora of 50 women without(More)
BACKGROUND Commercially available assays to detect antibodies to the herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)-specific glycoprotein gG-2 have markedly improved serologic diagnosis of HSV-2 infection. However, even tests with high specificity can have low positive predictive values in low prevalence populations. HSV-2 is a chronic, life-long viral infection that(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the effects of depomedroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) on vaginal microbial flora and epithelium. METHODS Women who desired DMPA for contraception were evaluated before and at 3 and 6 months after initiation of 150-mg DMPA injections every 3 months. At each visit, we assessed genital symptoms, vaginal signs, vaginal microflora, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection on treatment outcome of laparoscopically verified acute salpingitis. METHODS Women aged 18-40 years with laparoscopically verified acute salpingitis received antibiotic therapy that included cefotetan 2 g intravenously and doxycycline 100 mg orally every 12 hours and(More)
Epidemiological, animal, and in vitro investigations suggest that Chlamydia trachomatis infection engenders acquired immunity, the basis for which is incompletely defined, especially in humans. In a prospective cohort study of women at high risk for C. trachomatis infection, we found that, at baseline and after adjustment for age and other potential(More)
Among Kenyan men recruited as sex partners of women with genital symptoms, 22 of 150 were HIV seropositive. Because male HIV infection and male hygiene were unexpectedly found to be associated with each other, we examined the relationship of 5 hygiene variables with HIV infection in the men in a principal components analysis, controlling for socioeconomic(More)