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The central administration of the adenosine A2 agonist CGS 21680 induced catalepsy in the rat. This effect was counteracted by the previous systemic administration of the adenosine antagonist theophylline or the D2 agonist BHT-920. These results are in agreement with the view that adenosine A2 receptors regulate central dopamine D2 transmission and(More)
The origin of T cells after highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) is now under discussion. The possibility of renewed lymphopoiesis in aged thymuses is still controversial. In this work we combine the analysis of naïve T cells, T-cell receptor excision circles (TRECs), and computed(More)
The regulation by alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptor agonists of rat pineal N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activity during development was studied. We found that isoproterenol, a beta-adrenergic agonist, exhibited a weak stimulatory effect on pineal NAT activity during the first 3 weeks of age. Indeed, the drug did not mimic the effect of darkness on pineal NAT(More)
Human lymphocyte melatonin, through membrane and nuclear receptors binding, acts as an activator in IL-2 production. Antagonism of membrane melatonin receptors using luzindole exacerbates the drop of the IL-2 production induced by PGE2 in peripheral blood mononuclear and Jurkat cells. This paper studies the melatonin membrane and nuclear receptors interplay(More)
Melatonin has been proposed as regulating the immune system by affecting cytokine production in immunocompetent cells, enhancing the production of several T helper (Th)1 cytokines. To further investigate the melatonin’s role in IL-2/IL-2R system, we established an inducible T-REx expression system in Jurkat cells in which the protein levels of HIOMT enzyme(More)
OBJECTIVE Immune reconstitution after highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in HIV-infected patients has led to an increase in the number of new CD4 T lymphocytes. Neolymphopoiesis in the thymus has been proposed as a mechanism in T-cell regeneration. Nevertheless, factors involved in the regeneration of T cells by thymic-dependent pathways in(More)
The role of alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptors in regulation of rat Harderian gland type II thyroxine 5'-deiodinase (5'-D) activity was investigated. Our results show that isoproterenol, a beta-adrenergic agonist, and phenylephrine, an alpha-adrenergic agonist, elicited increases in Harderian gland 5'-D activity. The activation was dependent on the time(More)
The present paper demonstrates the effect of melatonin on cyclic AMP production in human lymphocytes from peripheral blood. Melatonin by itself did not influence cyclic AMP accumulation in these cells at any dose studied; however, the drug potentiated the effect of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) on the cyclic nucleotide production. In the presence of(More)
The aim of this work was to compare thymic function-related markers for predicting early CD4 T-cell repopulation in adult HIV-infected patients under HAART. Forty-three consecutive antiretroviral-naive patients were prospectively analysed for clinical, biochemical, immunological and virological parameters at starting HAART, and followed for 4 weeks and(More)
Melatonin is an indoleamine widely distributed in the evolution that shows a great functional versatility, playing an important role as a transmitter of photoperiodic information and exhibiting antioxidant, oncostatic, anti-aging and immunomodulatory properties. In vertebrates, this molecule is produced by the pineal gland and other extrapineal sites. The(More)