Amalia Merelli

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Neuronal damage after stroke-associated brain hypoxia is a leading cause of long-term disability and death. The refractoriness to therapeutic strategies for neuroprotection after 3 h post brain ischemia is poorly understood. P-glycoprotein (P-gp), the multidrug resistance gene (MDR-1) product is normally expressed at blood-brain-barrier. P-gp neuronal(More)
Ischemic brain injury is a dynamic process that involves oxidative stress, inflammation, and cell death, as well as activation of endogenous adaptive and regenerative mechanisms depending on activation of transcription factors such as hypoxia inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α). Because CoCl2 activates HIF-1α, we described a new focal-hypoxia model by direct(More)
Neuronal damage secondary to brain injuries such as cerebral hypoxia, seizures as well as neurodegenerative process, may include pro-inflammatory changes. The activation of a common mechanism related to survival or cell death, mediated by the stabilization and trans-activation of Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1 (HIF-1), has been observed in these conditions.(More)
Stroke is a major human health problem inducing long-term disability without any efficient therapeutic option being currently available. Under hypoxia, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) activates several genes as erythropoietin receptor (Epo-R) related with O2 supply, and the multidrug-resistance gene (MDR-1) related with drug-refractory phenotype. Brain(More)
Highly expressed Erythropoietin Receptor (EPO-R) has been detected in several nonhematopoietic hypoxic cells, including cells from different brain areas in response to many different types of cell injury. In brain, hypoxia-ischemia (HI) can induce a wide spectrum of biologic responses, where inflammation and apoptosis are the main protagonists.(More)
Stroke is a major human health problem without efficient available therapeutics. Ischemic brain injury can induce cell death as well as upregulation of endogenous adaptive mechanisms depending on the severity and duration of hypoxia, and the activity of transcription factors, such as hypoxia inducible factor 1-α (HIF-1α). HIF-1α induces gene expression as(More)
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