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Cell adhesion and communication are interdependent aspects of cell behavior that are critical for morphogenesis and tissue architecture. In the skin, epidermal adhesion is mediated in part by specialized cell-cell junctions known as desmosomes, which are characterized by the presence of desmosomal cadherins, known as desmogleins and desmocollins. We(More)
Striate keratodermas (PPKS) (OMIM 148700) are a rare group of autosomal dominant genodermatoses characterized by palmoplantar keratoderma typified by streaking hyperkeratosis along each finger and extending onto the palm of the hand. We report a four-generation kindred originating from Iran-Syria in which three members were affected with PPKS. Clinically,(More)
Cutaneous leiomyomas, rare benign tumors originating from the arrector pili muscle of the hair follicle, can be associated with the common uterine fibroids in a syndrome called multiple cutaneous and uterine leiomyomas. Multiple cutaneous and uterine leiomyomas are inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, providing an excellent opportunity for the study of(More)
Germline mutations in the fumarate hydratase gene (FH) predispose to multiple cutaneous and uterine leiomyoma syndrome (MCL) and MCL associated with renal cell cancer. MCL is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern, manifesting as skin leiomyoma and uterine fibroids in affected individuals. Fumarate hydratase, a component of the tricarboxylic acid cycle,(More)
Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) pruriginosa is a subtype of dominant dystrophic EB (DDEB), characterized by severe pruritus and blistering localized to the extensor surface of the extremities. EB pruriginosa exhibits extensive clinical heterogeneity with variable expression and delayed age of onset. Mutations in the COL7A1 gene, especially in glycine residues(More)
Atrichia with papular lesions is a rare form of total alopecia, in which mutations in the hairless gene have been shown to underlie the phenotype. In the literature to date, atrichia with papular lesions has generally been reported to be inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. A few rare cases exist, however, in which parent-to-child transmission of(More)
Multiple cutaneous and uterine leiomyomas is an autosomal dominant condition that results in benign smooth muscle tumours of the skin and, in females, uterine fibroids. This syndrome overlaps with hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer syndrome in which affected individuals may develop the rare type II papillary renal cell cancer, in addition to(More)
BACKGROUND The genetic basis of 2 distinct forms of atrichia with papules has recently been defined at the molecular level. In atrichia with papular lesions (APL; Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man [OMIM] 209500), mutations in the hairless gene on chromosome 8p21 have recently been identified. Atrichia with papules also occurs in the clinical setting of(More)
BACKGROUND The identification of the molecular basis of disorders of keratinisation has significantly advanced our understanding of skin biology, revealing new information on key structures in the skin, such as the intermediate filaments, desmosomes, and gap junctions. Among these disorders, there is an extraordinarily heterogeneous group known as(More)
We have identified C7orf11, which localizes to the nucleus and is expressed in fetal hair follicles, as the first disease gene for nonphotosensitive trichothiodystrophy (TTD). C7orf11 maps to chromosome 7p14, and the disease locus has been designated "TTDN1" (TTD nonphotosensitive 1). Mutations were found in patients with Amish brittle-hair syndrome and in(More)