Amalia Ledesma

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A cDNA encoding Ole e 3, a major allergen from olive-tree pollen, has been cloned and sequenced. A strategy based on two-step PCR amplification towards the 5' end and 3' end, with an internal specific primer, has been used. The isolated cDNA contains an open reading frame coding for a polypeptide of 84 amino acids, which is in agreement with the composition(More)
Noradrenaline signals the initiation of brown fat thermogenesis and the fatty acids liberated by the hormone-stimulated lipolysis act as second messengers to activate the uncoupling protein UCP1. UCP1 is a mitochondrial transporter that catalyses the re-entry of protons to the mitochondrial matrix thus allowing a regulated discharge of the proton gradient.(More)
The uncoupling proteins (UCPs) are transporters, present in the mitochondrial inner membrane, that mediate a regulated discharge of the proton gradient that is generated by the respiratory chain. This energy-dissipatory mechanism can serve functions such as thermogenesis, maintenance of the redox balance, or reduction in the production of reactive oxygen(More)
The uncoupling proteins (UCPs) are mitochondrial transporters that modulate the efficiency of oxidative phosphorylation. Members of this family have been described in many phyla within the animal and plant kingdoms, as well as in fungi. The mammalian uncoupling protein UCP1 is activated by fatty acids and inhibited by nucleotides. In the absence of both(More)
Olive-pollen profilin has been isolated and characterized as a significant allergen. Its molecular properties, such as a molecular mass of 15 kDa; amino-acid composition; and secondary repetitive structure percentages of 15% alpha-helix, 33% beta-strand, 20% beta-turn, and 32% random coil, have been determined. Its allergenic capability, a recognition(More)
A great number of allergenic proteins have been detected in olive pollen extracts. To date, nine allergens have been isolated and characterized, which have been called Ole e 1 to Ole e 9. The most prevalent olive allergen is Ole e 1, which affects more than 70% of patients hypersensitive to olive pollen, but others, such as Ole e 2, Ole e 8, and Ole e 9,(More)
Pichia pastoris is a methylotrophic yeast of high biotechnological interest. The bioenergetic properties of mitochondria from Pichia pastoris have not yet been determined. We report on a protocol for the isolation of the mitochondria in a state that shows good energy coupling. Analysis of Pichia pastoris growth and bioenergetic properties of the isolated(More)
The Ole e 6 allergen from olive tree pollen has been isolated by combining gel permeation and reverse-phase chromatographies. It is a single and highly acidic (pI 4.2) polypeptide chain protein. Its NH2-terminal amino acid sequence has been determined by Edman degradation. Total RNA from the olive tree pollen was isolated, and a specific cDNA was amplified(More)
The uncoupling protein from brown adipose tissue (UCP1) is a mitochondrial proton transporter whose activity is inhibited by purine nucleotides. UCP1, like the other members of the mitochondrial transporter superfamily, is an homodimer and each subunit contains six transmembrane segments. In an attempt to understand the structural elements that are(More)
Fatty acids activate the uncoupling protein UCP1 by a still controversial mechanism. Two models have been put forward where the fatty acid operates as either substrate ("fatty acid cycling hypothesis") or prosthetic group ("proton buffering model"). Two sets of experiments that should help to discriminate between the two hypothetical mechanisms are(More)