Amalia Gastaldelli

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Stable isotope tracers and indirect calorimetry were used to evaluate the regulation of endogenous fat and glucose metabolism in relation to exercise intensity and duration. Five trained subjects were studied during exercise intensities of 25, 65, and 85% of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max). Plasma glucose tissue uptake and muscle glycogen oxidation(More)
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), a cause of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, is characterized by fatty infiltration of the liver, inflammation, hepatocellular damage and fibrosis. Progress has been made in understanding the molecular and cellular mechanisms implicated in the pathogenesis of this condition, therefore, we here review recent(More)
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been associated with the metabolic syndrome. However, it is not clear whether insulin resistance is an independent feature of NAFLD, and it remains to be determined which of the in vivo actions of insulin are impaired in this condition. We performed a two-step (1.5 and 6 pmol min−1 kg−1) euglycaemic insulin(More)
We investigated beta-cell function and its relationship to insulin sensitivity in 17 normal volunteers. For insulin secretion (derived by C-peptide deconvolution), a mathematical model was applied to 24-h triple-meal tests (MT) as well as oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT); insulin sensitivity was assessed by the euglycemic insulin clamp technique. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantitate the separate impact of obesity and hyperglycemia on the incretin effect (i.e., the gain in beta-cell function after oral glucose versus intravenous glucose). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Isoglycemic oral (75 g) and intravenous glucose administration was performed in 51 subjects (24 with normal glucose tolerance [NGT], 17 with(More)
PURPOSE To describe and evaluate an automatic and unsupervised method for assessing the quantity and distribution of abdominal adipose tissue by MRI. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 20 patients underwent whole-abdomen MRI. A total of 32 transverse T1-weighted images were acquired from each subject. The data collected were transferred to a dedicated(More)
UNLABELLED Pioglitazone treatment improves insulin resistance (IR), glucose metabolism, hepatic steatosis, and necroinflammation in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Because abnormal lipid metabolism/elevated plasma free fatty acids (FFAs) are important to the pathophysiology of NASH, we examined the impact of pioglitazone therapy on(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS High-fat dietary intake and low physical activity lead to insulin resistance, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Recent studies have shown an effect of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) on hepatic glucose metabolism, although GLP-1 receptors (GLP-1r) have not been found in human livers. The aim of(More)
Both insulin resistance and beta-cell dysfunction play a role in the transition from normal glucose tolerance (NGT) to Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) through impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). The aim of the study was to define the level of glycaemia at which beta-cell dysfunction becomes evident in the context of existing insulin resistance. Insulin response (OGTT)(More)
In the present study we examined the hypothesis that fatty acid oxidation is less during high-intensity exercise than during moderate-intensity exercise because of inhibition of long-chain fatty acid entry into the mitochondria. Six volunteers exercised at 40% peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) for 60 min and at 80% VO2peak for 30 min on two different(More)