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DMSO is one of the most common solvents used experimentally to dissolve hydrophobic substances for in vivo and in vitro purposes. A wide range of pharmacological effects exerted by DMSO has been documented in both animal and human experimental models. However, only a few and sometimes contrasting data about the effects of DMSO in animal models of(More)
The effects induced by orphanin FQ (OFQ) on morphine-induced dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenilacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) release in the nucleus accumbens were studied in rats by using microdialysis with electrochemical detection. Morphine administered intraperitoneally (i.p., 2, 5 and 10 mg/kg) dose-dependently increased DA and(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) injected into the cerebral ventricles of small mammals induces EEG limbic seizures, behavioral excitability, stereotyped behavior, and tardive enhancement of hippocampal theta voltage and frequency. Because we addressed this phenomenon when we explained the pathogenesis of infantile spasms in children, we wished to study(More)
The effects induced by nociceptin on morphine-induced release of dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenilacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) in the nucleus accumbens and nucleus caudate were studied in rats by microdialysis with electrochemical detection. Nociceptin administered intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) at doses of 2, 5 and 10 nmol/rat(More)
1. The behaviour and EEG effects of the dopamine and sigma (sigma) ligands (+) 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)piperidine ((+)3-PPP) were studied in mice. 2. (+) 3-PPP dose-dependently (60-100 mg/kg i.p.) produced behavioural and electrical tonic-clonic seizures. 3. The incidence of the tonic seizures elicited by 100 mg/kg of the drug was significantly (P <(More)
The central interference induced by dexamethasone and RU-38486, (a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist) on morphine antinociception were studied by using the tail flick test in mice. Dexamethasone, injected intracerebrally (i.c.v.) 10 minutes before morphine, dose-dependently reduced morphine antinociception, whereas RU-38486 which was injected with the same(More)
In this study we investigated how the peptides derived from the glucocorticoid-inducible protein annexin 1 are able to alter the nociceptive threshold of mice. The effects of the annexin1 fragment 2-26 (Anxa1(2-26)) on nociceptive threshold were studied using both chemical (formalin test) and thermal (hot plate and tail flick test) nociceptive stimuli on(More)
Previous data indicate that intracerebroventricular administration of agonists for mu- and delta-opioid receptors induces limbic seizures in rats, but no data are reported in rabbits. We found that the mu- and delta-opioid peptides [D-Ala(2)-N,Me-Phe(4)-Gly(5)-ol]enkephalin (DAMGO), beta-endorphin and deltorphin II, induced EEG non-convulsive hippocampal(More)
The effects of some beta-endorphin fragments with neuroleptic-like properties, i.e., tau-endorphin, des-tyr1-tau-endorphin (DT tau E), desenkephalin-tau-endorphin (DE tau E), in comparison with the dopaminergic antagonist haloperidol,- were studied on the EEG and behavioral alterations induced by beta-endorphin in the rabbit. beta-Endorphin administered(More)
1. The present study examined a time-course effect of dexamethasone (DEX) on amphetamine and cocaine-induced hypermotility in mice and the influence of actinomycin D (dactinomycin), a protein synthesis inhibitor, on DEX effects. 2. Amphetamine (5 mg/kg IP) and cocaine (10 mg/kg IP) increased markedly the locomotor activity of mice, whereas DEX alone(More)