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An unusual property of the circadian timekeeping systems of animals is rhythm "splitting," in which a single daily period of physical activity (usually measured as wheel running) dissociates into two stably coupled components about 12 hours apart; this behavior has been ascribed to a clock composed of two circadian oscillators cycling in antiphase. We(More)
To investigate the link existing between androgens and human breast cancer, the hormonal milieu present in pre- and post-menopausal women has been translated in an in vitro model utilizing a hormone dependent breast cancer cell line MCF-7 exposed to DHEA, DHEAS, androstenediol, T, DHT with or w/o E(2). DHEAS and androstenediol stimulate the growth of MCF-7(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen signaling is mediated by estrogen receptor beta isoforms in normal and neoplastic human testes. Recently, a G-protein-coupled-receptor (GPER) has been suggested as being involved in rapid responses to estrogens in different normal and tumor cells. METHODS This study investigated the GPER expression in paraffin-embedded samples from non(More)
Aromatase activity has recently been assumed as a Sertoli cell functional maturation marker since it is maximally expressed in prepuberal age then it dramatically decreases at puberty and is virtually absent in adult age. Neonatal hypothyroidism is associated with a prolonged proliferation of Sertoli cells. This immature stage persists concomitantly with a(More)
Antioxidant capacity of seminal plasma was evaluated in 120 semen samples subdivided into asthenozoospermic and oligoasthenozoospermic specimens with normal consistency and into asthenozoospermic and oligoasthenozoospermic specimens with hyperviscosity. Semen samples (n = 25) from normozoospermic donors were used as a control group. Scavenger antioxidant(More)
BACKGROUND A key role of estrogens in human sperm biology has been recently suggested by aromatase and estrogen receptor detection in human testicular germ cells and ejaculated spermatozoa. However, the involvement of these hormones in the sperm maturation process is still not defined. The aim of this work was to investigate the expression of estrogen(More)
Several studies have recently investigated the role of leptin, the adipocyte-secreted hormone, in the growth and reproduction of rodents, humans, and domestic animals. The present study was designed to explore the expression of leptin and its receptor in pig spermatozoa. Successful Western blot evidenced a 16 kDa band for leptin and six isoforms, ranging(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of small membranous particles characterizes the male genital fluids of different mammalian species. The influence of semen vesicles, denominated prostasomes, on sperm functional properties has been well documented in humans, but their biological activity is scarcely known in other species. The present work investigated(More)
The role of oestrogens in the development of prostate cancer is poorly understood. However, a large body of evidence has suggested that oestrogenic hormones may be involved in prostatic malignancy. The localization of oestrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) in the secretory epithelium of the human prostate has raised the intriguing possibility that the action of(More)
BACKGROUND Advances in the definition of the function and the mechanism of estrogen action in different tissues have come from human and animal models of estrogen insufficiency. Recently we have demonstrated that aromatase is present and biologically active in human ejaculated sperm, suggesting that autonomous estradiol sperm production may influence sperm(More)