Amal Kanti Bera

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The gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptor M2-M3 loop structure and its role in gating were investigated using the substituted cysteine accessibility method. Residues from alpha(1)Arg-273 to alpha(1)Ile-289 were mutated to cysteine, one at a time. MTSET(+) or MTSES(-) reacted with all mutants from alpha(1)R273C to alpha(1)Y281C, except(More)
Hemichannels, which are one half of the gap junction channels, have independent physiological roles. Although hemichannels consisting of connexins are more widely documented, hemichannels of pannexins, proteins homologous to invertebrate gap junction proteins also have been studied. There are at least 21 different connexin and three pannexin isotypes. This(More)
G protein-activated K(+) channel (GIRK), which is activated by the G(betagamma) subunit of heterotrimeric G proteins, and muscarinic m2 receptor (m2R) were coexpressed in Xenopus oocytes. Acetylcholine evoked a K(+) current, I(ACh), via the endogenous pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive G(i/o) proteins. Activation of I(ACh) was accelerated by increasing the(More)
A variety of ion channels like acid sensing ion channels (ASICs) and several members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) cation channel family are known to be activated by protons. The present study describes proton-gated current in mouse bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs), by using whole cell patch clamp. Rapid application of extracellular solution of(More)
Activation of P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) and pannexin have been implicated in membrane permeabilization associated with ischemic cell death and many other inflammatory processes. P2X7R has a unique property of forming large pore upon repeated or prolonged application of agonist like ATP or 2′, 3′-(4-benzoyl) benzoyl ATP. It has been proposed that pannexin 1(More)
Nitric oxide (NO), a major gaseous signaling molecule, modulates several ion channels and receptors. Here we show that NO attenuates pannexin 1 (Panx1) mediated currents in HEK-293 cells. NO exerts its effect by activating a cGMP-protein kinase G (PKG) dependent pathway. NO donors, sodium nitroprusside (SNP), S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) and(More)
Catestatin (CST), a chromogranin A (CHGA)-derived peptide, is a potent inhibitor of catecholamine release from adrenal chromaffin cells and postganglionic sympathetic axons. We re-sequenced the CST region of CHGA in an Indian population (n = 1010) and detected two amino acid substitution variants: G364S and G367V. Synthesized CST variant peptides (viz.(More)
To investigate possible effects of adrenergic stimulation on G protein-activated inwardly rectifying K(+) channels (GIRK), acetylcholine (ACh)-evoked K(+) current, I(KACh), was recorded from adult rat atrial cardiomyocytes using the whole cell patch clamp method and a fast perfusion system. The rise time of I(KACh ) was 0. 4 +/- 0.1 s. When isoproterenol(More)
Stable expression of pannexin 1 (Panx1) and pannexin 3 (Panx3) resulted in functional gap junctions (GJs) in HeLa cells, but not in Neuro-2a (N2a) or PC-12 cells. The glycosylation pattern of expressed Panx1 varied greatly among different cell lines. In contrast to connexin (Cx) containing GJs (Cx-GJs), junctional conductance (Gj) of pannexin GJs (Panx-GJs)(More)
Ischemia is known to inhibit gap junction (GJ) mediated intercellular communication. However the detail mechanisms of this inhibition are largely unknown. In the present study, we determined the vulnerability of different cardiac GJ channels formed of connexins (Cxs) 43, 40, and 45 to simulated ischemia, by creating oxygen glucose deprived (OGD) condition.(More)