Amal G. Omar

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Previous studies have shown that the immunosuppressant drug cyclosporine A attenuates arterial baroreceptor function. This study investigated whether the modulatory effect of cyclosporine on baroreceptor function involves inhibition of the baroreflex-facilitatory effect of testosterone. The role of cardiac autonomic control in cyclosporine-testosterone(More)
Reported clinical and experimental findings have shown that baroreflex control of heart rate is attenuated in women compared with men. This study investigated whether the sexual dimorphism in baroreflex function relates to the ability of the male hormone testosterone to facilitate baroreflex responsiveness. Relative contributions of the vagal and(More)
This study investigated the effects of chronic exposure of Wistar rats to the immunosuppressant drug cyclosporine on blood pressure, heart rate, and their variability and the role of sympathovagal balance in this interaction. The blood pressure variability was determined as the standard deviation of the mean arterial pressure (SDMAP). Two time-domain heart(More)
Increased central sympathetic outflow secondary to afferent sympathetic excitation has been implicated in the hypertensive effect of the immunosuppressant drug cyclosporine (CSA). The present study investigated the roles of central alpha(2)-adrenoceptors and I(1)-imidazoline receptors in modulating the hypertensive action of CSA. The blood pressure (BP)(More)
Cyclosporine A (CyA), an immunosuppressant drug, has been shown to attenuate the baroreflex control of heart rate (HR). This study investigated whether or not the CyA-induced baroreflex dysfunction is due to alterations in the autonomic (sympathetic and parasympathetic) control of the heart. We evaluated the effect of muscarinic or beta-adrenergic blockade(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the interaction between COX-2, NO and ROS after ischemia/reperfusion events in the kidney and vascular beds. MATERIALS AND METHODS Kidney IRI model in male Sprague-Dawley rats was used and various biochemical and histopathological parameters were examined. The isolated rat aortic rings served as model for(More)
The immunosuppressant drug cyclosporine causes nephrotoxicity mainly via alterations of renovascular reactivity. This study investigated whether this effect of cyclosporine is modulated by the male gonadal hormone testosterone. The endothelium-dependent and -independent relaxations evoked by acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside, respectively, were(More)
This study investigated the identity of presynaptic receptors involved in dopaminergic modulation of purinergic transmission in peripheral tissues including isolated rat vas deferens and urinary bladder. Isometric muscle twitches were established in the two tissues by low frequency electric field-stimulation (0.05 Hz, 1-ms duration, and supramaximal(More)
BACKGROUND There is an interaction between many cell types involved in the pathophysiology of ischemic acute renal failure. Nitric oxide (NO) precursors, especially l-arginine, may have protective effects on tissue ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI); however, their molecular mechanisms are unclear. In the present study, the interaction between l-arginine,(More)
Previous studies including ours showed that cyclosporine (CSA) causes baroreflex dysfunction and hypertension. Here we tested the hypothesis that oxidative damage in central and peripheral tissues underlies the hypertensive, baroreflex and autonomic actions elicited by CSA in rats. We investigated the effects of individual and combined 7-day treatments with(More)