Amal El Fadili

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In the protozoan parasite Leishmania, drug resistance can be a complex phenomenon. Several metabolic pathways and membrane transporters are implicated in the resistance phenotype. To monitor the expression of these genes, we generated custom DNA microarrays with PCR fragments corresponding to 44 genes involved with drug resistance. Transcript profiling of(More)
The folate metabolic pathway has been exploited successfully for the development of antimicrobial and antineoplasic agents. Inhibitors of this pathway, however, are not useful against Leishmania and other trypanosomatids. Work on the mechanism of methotrexate resistance in Leishmania has dramatically increased our understanding of folate and pterin(More)
Folates are polyglutamylated in most organisms by the enzyme folylpolyglutamate synthetase (FPGS). The Leishmania tarentolae FPGS gene was isolated. Its predicted product contains 538 amino acids and shows 33 and 30% identity with the human and yeast FPGS proteins, respectively. The level of folate polygtutamylation was studied in L. tarentolae(More)
The protozoan parasite Leishmania is a folate and pterin auxotroph. The main biopterin transporter (BT1) and pterin reductase (PTR1) have already been characterized in Leishmania. In this study, we have succeeded in generating a BT1 and PTR1 null mutant in the same Leishmania tarentolae strain. These cells are viable with growth properties indistinguishable(More)
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