Amal Abdul-Hafez

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Earlier work showed that TGF-beta1 potently increases angiotensinogen (AGT) gene mRNA in primary human lung fibroblasts. Here the mechanism of TGF-beta1-induced AGT expression was studied in the IMR90 human lung fibroblast cell line. The increase in AGT mRNA induced by TGF-beta1 was completely blocked by actinomycin-D. TGF-beta1 increased the activity of a(More)
Angiotensin II is a growth factor that plays a key role in the physiopathology of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). A nucleotide substitution of an adenine instead of a guanine (G-6A) in the proximal promoter region of angiotensinogen (AGT), the precursor of angiotensin II, has been associated with an increased gene transcription rate. In order to(More)
Alveolar epithelial type II cells, a major source of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-2 in the adult lung, are normally quiescent but actively proliferate in lung fibrosis and downregulate this protective enzyme. It was, therefore, hypothesised that ACE-2 expression might be related to cell cycle progression. To test this hypothesis, ACE-2 mRNA levels,(More)
UNLABELLED Purpose/Aim of Study: The renin angiotensin system is involved in experimentally induced lung fibrosis. Angiotensin (ANG)-II is profibrotic. Angiotensin converting enzyme-2 (ACE-2) cleaves ANG-II and is thus protective. ACE-2 has recently been reported to be significantly decreased under hyperoxic conditions. Hyperoxia is linked to(More)
Meconium aspiration injures a number of cell types in the lung, most notably airway and alveolar epithelial lining cells. Recent data show that at least some of the cell death induced by meconium occurs by apoptosis, and therefore has the potential for pharmacologic inhibition through the use of apoptosis blockers or other strategies. Related work in adult(More)
An established body of literature supports the hypothesis that activation of a local tissue angiotensin (ANG) system in the extravascular tissue compartment of the lungs is required for lung fibrogenesis. Transcriptional activation of the angiotensinogen (AGT) gene is believed to be a critical and necessary step in this activation. This paper summarizes the(More)
Earlier work from this laboratory demonstrated that apoptosis of alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) requires autocrine generation of angiotensin (ANG) II. More recent studies showed that angiotensin converting enzyme-2 (ACE-2), which degrades ANGII to form ANG1-7, is protective but severely downregulated in human and experimental lung fibrosis. Here it was(More)
Earlier work from this laboratory showed that local generation of angiotensin (ANG) II is required for the pathogenesis of experimental pulmonary fibrosis and that ANG peptides are expressed robustly in the lungs of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Angiotensin converting enzyme-2 (ACE-2) degrades the octapeptide ANG II to form the(More)
Previous work from this laboratory demonstrated de novo synthesis of angiotensin (ANG) peptides by apoptotic pulmonary alveolar epithelial cells (AEC) and by lung myofibroblasts in vitro and in bleomycin-treated rats. To determine whether these same cell types also synthesize ANG peptides de novo within the fibrotic human lung in situ, we subjected paraffin(More)
Previous work from this laboratory has shown that amiodarone induces alveolar epithelial cell apoptosis that was abrogated by antagonists of angiotensin II. In this study, amiodarone up-regulated angiotensinogen mRNA and protein in primary cultures of rat type II pneumocytes and in the human A549 cell line. The mechanism of amiodarone-induced(More)
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