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Rimonabant (SR141716) was the first potent and selective cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist synthesized. Several data support that rimonabant behaves as an inverse agonist. Moreover, there is evidence suggesting that this inverse agonism may be CB1 receptor-independent. The aim of the present study was to elucidate whether the effect of rimonabant over G(More)
The preparation of a number of (bis)guanidine and (bis)2-aminoimidazoline derivatives as potential alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonists for the treatment of depression is presented. Human brain tissue was used to measure their affinity toward the alpha 2-adrenoceptors in vitro. Compounds 6b, 8b, 9b, 10b, 15b, 17b, 18b, 20b, and 21b displayed a good affinity(More)
BACKGROUND Recent advances in the understanding of alcohol dependence suggest that the endocannabinoid system (ECS) plays a key role in the neurobiological mechanisms underlying this pathology. METHODS The aim of the present review is to show the currently available biochemical, behavioral and genetic evidence on the involvement of the ECS in alcohol(More)
Chronic excessive alcohol intoxications evoke cumulative damage to tissues and organs. We examined prefrontal cortex (Brodmann's area (BA) 9) from 20 human alcoholics and 20 age, gender, and postmortem delay matched control subjects. H & E staining and light microscopy of prefrontal cortex tissue revealed a reduction in the levels of cytoskeleton(More)
We had previously shown that alcohol consumption can induce cellular isoaspartate protein damage via an impairment of the activity of protein isoaspartyl methyltransferase (PIMT), an enzyme that triggers repair of isoaspartate protein damage. To further investigate the mechanism of isoaspartate accumulation, hepatocytes cultured from control or 4-week(More)
There is strong biochemical, pharmacological and genetic evidence for the involvement of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in alcohol dependence. However, the majority of studies have been performed in animal models. The aim of the present study was to assess the state of the CB1 receptor, the enzymes fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) and monoacylglycerol(More)
Sociedad Científica Española de Estudios sobre el Alcohol, el Alcoholismo y las otras The exact mechanism by which ethanol exerts its effects on the brain is still unknown. However, nowadays it is well known that ethanol interacts with specific neuronal membrane proteins involved in signal transmission, resulting in changes in neural activity. In this(More)
Biochemical, pharmacological and genetic evidence suggests the involvement of the endocannabinoid system in alcohol dependence. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the state of CB1 receptors in post-mortem caudate nucleus, hippocampus and cerebellum of alcoholic subjects.CB1 protein levels were measured by Western blot, CB1 receptor density and(More)
The synthesis of nine new mono- and bis-O-phenylisouronium compounds (2, 6b-10b and 12b-14b) and their Boc-protected isourea precursors (2a, 6a-10a and 12a-14a) is described. The carbodiimide 4, which was formed, had been suggested as the reactive intermediate species and driving force of the reaction. All final substrates were tested as potential(More)
The imidazoline I2 receptors (I2-IRs) are widely distributed in the brain, and I2-IR ligands may have therapeutic potential as neuroprotective agents. Since structural data for I2-IR remains unknown, the discovery of selective I2-IR ligands devoid of α2-adrenoceptor (α2-AR) affinity is likely to provide valuable tools in defining the pharmacological(More)